Overview

Bk-801,  Free Energy.- Where in the World is All the Free Energy – 101 pg

The spread of working free-energy technologies has been prevented by wealthy elites, governments, deluded inventors and con men, as well as a non- demanding public.

CURRENT STATE OF TECHNOLOGY

In the late l880s, trade journals in the electrical sciences were predicting ‘free electricity” in the near future. Incredible discoveries about the nature of electricity were becoming commonplace.

Nikola Tesla was demonstrating “wireless lighting” and other wonders associated with high-frequency currents. There was an excitement about the future like never before.


Within 20 years there would be automobiles, airplanes, movies, recorded music, telephones, radio and practical cameras.

 The Victorian age was giving way to something totally new.

 For the first time in history, common people were encouraged to envision a utopian future filled with abundant modern transportation and communication as well as jobs, housing and food for everyone.

Disease would be conquered and so would poverty. Life was getting better, and this time everyone was going to get “a piece of the pie”.


So what happened? In the midst of this technological explosion, where did the energy breakthroughs go?

 Was all of this excitement about “free electricity”, which happened just before the beginning of the last century, just wishful thinking that “real science” eventually disproved?

CURRENT STATE OF TECHNOLOGY


Actually, the answer to that question is “No”. In fact, the opposite is true.

 Spectacular energy technologies were developed right along with the other breakthroughs.

 Since that time, multiple methods for producing vast amounts of energy at extremely low cost have been developed.

None of these technologies has made it to the “open” consumer market as an article of commerce, however.

 Exactly why this is true will be discussed shortly.

 
But first, I would like to describe to you a short list of “free energy” technologies that I am currently aware and that are proven beyond all reasonable doubt.

 The common feature connecting all of these discoveries is that they use a small amount of one form of energy to control or release a large amount of a different kind of energy.

Many of them in some way tap the underlying aether field—a source of energy conveniently ignored by “modern” science.

1. Radiant Energy


Nikola Tesla’s Magnifying Transmitter, T. Henry Moray’s Radiant Energy Device, Edwin Gray’s EMA Motor and Paul Baumann’s Testatika Machine all run on “radiant energy”.

 This natural energy form (mistakenly called “static’ electricity)

can be gathered directly from the environment or extracted from ordinary electricity by the method called “fractionation”.

Radiant energy can perform the same wonders as ordinary electricity, at less than 1% of the cost.

 It does not behave exactly like electricity, however, and this has contributed to the scientific community’s misunderstanding of it.

 
The Methernitha Community in Switzerland currently has five or six working models of fuelless, self-running devices that tap this energy.

2. Permanent-Magnet powered Motors


Dr Robert Adams (New Zealand) has developed astounding designs of electric motors, generators and heaters that run on permanent magnets.

 One such device draws 100 watts of electricity from the source, generates 100 watts to recharge the source and produces over 140 BTUs of heat in two minutes!


Dr Tom Bearden (USA) has two working models of a permanent-magnet-powered

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by Peter bndemann, DSc © 2001
Clear Tech1 Inc
P0 Box 37
Metalirie Falls, WA 99153, USA Telephone (509) 446 2353 Email support@free energy ws Webste www free-energy cc

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NEXUS • 47

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electrical transformer. It uses a 6-watt electrical input to control the path of a magnetic field coming out of a permanent magnet.

 By channelling the magnetic field, first to one output coil and then to a second output coil, and by doing this repeatedly and rapidly in a “ping-pong” fashion, the device can produce a 96-watt electrical output with no moving parts. Bearden calls his device a Motionless Electromagnetic Generator, or MEG. Jean-Louis Naudin has duplicated Bearden’s device in France. The principles for this type of device were first disclosed by Frank Richardson (USA) in 1978.
Troy Reed (USA) has working models of a special magnetised fan that heats up as it spins. It takes exactly the same amount of energy to spin the fan, whether it is generating heat or not.
Beyond these developments, multiple inventors have identified working mechanisms that produce motor torque from permanent magnets alone.


3. Mechanical Heaters


There are two classes of machines that transform a small amount of mechanical energy into a large amount of heat.


The best of these purely mechanical designs are the rotating cylinder systems designed by Frenette (USA) and Perkins (USA).

 In these machines, one cylinder is rotated within another cylinder with about an eighth of an inch of clearance between them.

The space between the cylinders is filled with a liquid such as water or oil, and it is this “working fluid” that heats up as the inner cylinder spins.


Another method uses magnets mounted on a wheel to produce
large eddy currents in a plate of aluminium, causing the aluminium
to heat up rapidly.

 These magnetic heaters have been demonstrated by Muller (Canada),
Adams (NZ) and Reed (USA).

 
All of these systems can produce 10 times more heat than standard methods using the same energy input.

4. Super-Efficient Electrolysis


Water can be broken into hydrogen and oxygen using electricity.

 Standard chemistry books claim that this process requires more energy than can be recovered when the gases are recombined.  This is true only under the worst-case scenario.

 
When water is hit with its own molecular resonant frequency, using a system developed by Stan Meyer (USA) and again recently by Xogen Power, Inc., it collapses into hydrogen and oxygen gas with very little electrical input.

 Also, using different electrolytes (additives that make the water conduct electricity better) changes the efficiency of the process dramatically.

 It is also known that certain geometric structures and surface textures work better than others do.

 The implication is that unlimited amounts of hydrogen fuel can be made to drive engines (like in your car) for the cost of water.

 
Even more amazing is the fact that a special metal alloy was patented by Freedman (USA) in 1957, which spontaneously breaks water into hydrogen and oxygen with no outside electrical input and without causing any chemical changes in the metal itself.

 This means that this special metal alloy can make hydrogen from water, for free, forever.


5. Implosion/Vortex Engines


All major industrial engines use the release of heat to cause expansion and pressure to produce work, like in your car engine.

 Nature uses the opposite process of cooling to cause suction and vacuum to produce work, like in a tornado.


Viktor Schauberger (Austria) was the first to build working models of Implosion Engines in the 1930s and 1940s.

Since that time, Callum Coats has written extensively on Schauberger’s work in his book Living Energies, and subsequently a number of researchers have built working models of Implosion Turbine Engines.

 These are fuelless engines that produce mechanical work from energy accessed from a vacuum. There are also much simpler designs that use vortex motions to tap a combination of gravity and centrifugal force to produce a continuous motion in fluids.

6. Cold Fusion Technology


In March 1989, two chemists, Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons, from Brigham Young University, Utah (USA), announced that they had produced atomic fusion reactions in a simple tabletop device.

 The claims were “debunked” within six months and the public lost inter-

est.

Nevertheless, cold fusion is very real. Not only has excess heat production been repeatedly documented, but also low-energy atomic element transmutation has been catalogued, involving dozens of different reactions!

 This technology definitely can produce low-cost energy and scores of other important industrial processes.


7. Solar-Assisted Heat Pumps


The refrigerator in your kitchen is the only “free energy machine’ you currently own.

 Its an electrically operated heat pump. It uses one amount of energy (electricity) to move three amounts of energy (heat).

 This gives it a “co-efficient of performance” (COP) of about three.

 Your refrigerator uses one amount of electricity to pump three amounts of heat from the inside of the refrigerator to the outside of the refrigerator.

 This is its typical use, but it is the worst possible way to use the technology. Here’s why.

Dr Nikola Tesla (1856—1943)

48 NEXUS www.nexusmagazine.com

JULY — AUGUST 2001

A heat pump pumps heat from the “source” of heat to the “sink”

electrical transformer.

 It uses a 6-watt electrical input to control the path of a magnetic field coming out of a permanent magnet.

 By channelling the magnetic field, first to one output coil and then to a second output coil, and by doing this repeatedly and rapidly in a “ping-pong” fashion, the device can produce a 96-watt electrical output with no moving parts.

 Bearden calls his device a Motionless Electromagnetic Generator, or MEG.

Jean-Louis Naudin has duplicated Bearden’s device in France.

 The principles for this type of device were first disclosed by Frank Richardson (USA) in 1978.

 
Troy Reed (USA) has working models of a special magnetized fan that heats up as it spins.

 It takes exactly the same amount of energy to spin the fan, whether it is generating heat or not.

 
Beyond these developments, multiple inventors have identified working mechanisms that produce motor torque from permanent magnets alone.

3. Mechanical Heaters


There are two classes of machines that transform a small amount of mechanical energy into a large amount of heat.

 
The best of these purely mechanical designs are the rotating cylinder systems designed by Frenette (USA) and Perkins (USA).

 In these machines, one cylinder is rotated within another cylinder with about an eighth of an inch of clearance between them. The space between the cylinders is filled with a liquid such as water or oil, and it is this “working fluid” that heats up as the inner cylinder spins.
Another method uses magnets mounted on a wheel to produce large eddy currents in a plate of aluminium, causing the aluminium to heat up rapidly. These magnetic heaters have been demonstrated by Muller (Canada), Adams (NZ) and Reed (USA).
All of these systems can produce 10 times more heat than standard methods using the same energy input.

4. Super-Efficient Electrolysis

Water can be broken into hydrogen and oxygen using electricity. Standard chemistry books claim that this process requires more energy than can be recovered when the gases are recombined. This is true only under the worst-case scenario.
When water is hit with its own molecular resonant frequency, using a system developed by Stan Meyer (USA) and again recently by Xogen Power, Inc., it collapses into hydrogen and oxygen gas with very little electrical input. Also, using different electrolytes (additives that make the water conduct electricity better) changes the efficiency of the process dramatically. It is also known that certain geometric structures and surface textures work better than others do. The implication is that unlimited amounts of hydrogen fuel can be made to drive engines (like in your car)

for the cost of water.
Even more amazing is the fact that a special metal alloy was patented by Freedman (USA) in 1957, which spontaneously breaks water into hydrogen and oxygen with no outside electrical input and without causing any chemical changes in the metal itself. This means that this special metal alloy can make hydrogen from water, for free, forever.
5. Implosion/Vortex Engines
All major industrial engines use the release of heat to cause expansion and pressure to produce work, like in your car engine. Nature uses the opposite process of cooling to cause suction and vacuum to produce work, like in a tornado.
Viktor Schauberger (Austria) was the first to build working models of Implosion Engines in the 1930s and 1940s. Since that time, Callum Coats has written extensively on Schauberger’s work

in his book Living Energies, and subsequently a number of researchers have built working models of Implosion Turbine Engines. These are fuelless engines that produce mechanical work from energy accessed from a vacuum. There are also much simpler designs that use vortex motions to tap a combination of gravity and centrifugal force to produce a continuous motion in fluids.
6. Cold Fusion Technology
In March 1989, two chemists, Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons, from Brigham Young University, Utah (USA), announced that they had produced atomic fusion reactions in a simple tabletop device. The claims were “debunked” within six months and the public lost interest.

Nevertheless, cold fusion is very real. Not only has excess heat production been repeatedly documented, but also low-energy atomic element transmutation has been catalogued, involving dozens of different reactions!

 This technology definitely can produce low-cost energy and scores of other important industrial processes


7. Solar-Assisted Heat Pumps
The refrigerator in your kitchen is the only “free energy machine” you currently own. It’s an electrically operated heat pump. It uses one amount of energy (electricity) to move three amounts of energy (heat). This gives it a “co-efficient of performance” (COP) of about three. Your refrigerator uses one amount of electricity to pump three amounts of heat from the inside of the refrigerator to the outside of the refrigerator. This is its typical use, but it is the worst possible way to use the technology. Here’s why.

C

Dr Nikola Tesla (1 856—1943)

48 • NEXUS

www.nexusmagazine. corn

JULY — AUGUST 2001



A heat pump pumps heat from the “source” of heat to the “sink”or place that absorbs the heat.

The ‘source of heat should obviously be hot and the ‘sink’ for heat should obviously be cold for this process to work the best.

 In your refrigerator, it’s exactly the opposite. The “source” of heat is inside the box, which is cold, and the “sink” for heat is the room temperature air of your kitchen, which is warmer than the source.

This is why the COP remains low for your kitchen refrigerator. But this is not true for all heat pumps.


COPs of 8 to 10 are easily attained with solar-assisted heat pumps. In such a device, a heat pump draws heat from a solar collector and dumps the heat into a large underground absorber, which remains at 55°F (12.78°C); mechanical energy is extracted in the transfer.

This process is equivalent to that of a steam engine that extracts mechanical energy between the boiler and the condenser, except that it uses a fluid which “boils’ at a much lower temperature than water.


One such system, tested in the 1970s, produced 350 hp, measured on a dynamometer, in a specially designed engine from just 100 square feet of
solar collector.

 (This is not the system promoted by Dennis Lee.)

The amount of energy it took to run the compressor (input) was less than 20 hp, so this system produced more than 17 times more energy than it took
to keep it going! It could power a small neighbourhood from the roof of a hot-tub gazebo, using exactly the same technology that keeps the food cold in your kitchen.


Currently there is an industrial-scale pump system set up just north of Kona,
Hawaii, which generates electricity from temperature differences in ocean water. —


There are dozens of other systems that I have not mentioned, and many of
them are as viable and well tested as the ones I have just recounted.

 
But this short list is sufficient to make my point: free energy technology
is here, now. It offers the world pollution-free, energy abundance for everyone, everywhere.


It is now possible to stop the production of “greenhouse gases” and shut
down all of the nuclear power plants.


We can now desalinate unlimited amounts of seawater at an affordable price and bring adequate fresh water to even the most remote habitats.

 Transportation and production costs for just about everything can drop dramatically.

 Food can even be grown in heated greenhouses in the winter, anywhere.


All of these wonderful benefits that can make life on this planet so much easier and better for everyone have been postponed for decades.

Why? Whose purposes are served by this postponement?


UNSEEN ENEMIES OF FREE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY

 
There are four gigantic forces that have worked together to create this situation.

 To say that there is and has been a “conspiracy” to suppress this technology only leads to a superficial understanding of the world and it places the blame for this completely outside of ourselves.

Our willingness to remain ignorant and action- less in the face of this situation has always been interpreted by two of these forces as ‘implied consent”.

So, besides “a non-demanding public’, what are the other three forces impeding the availability of free energy technology?


1. The Money Monopoly


In standard economic theory, there are three classes of industry:
capital, goods and services.

 Within the first class, capital, there are also three sub-classes: natural capital, currency and credit.

 Natural capital relates to raw materials (such as a gold mine) and sources of energy (such as an oil well or hydroelectric dam).

 Currency relates to the printing of paper ‘money” and the minting of coins; these functions are usually the job of government.

 Credit relates to the lending of money for interest and its extension of economic value through deposit loan accounts.

 From this, it is easy to see that energy functions in the economy in the same way as gold, the printing of money by the government or the issuing of credit by a bank.


In the United States, and in most other countries around the world, there is a “money monopoly” in place.

 I am “free” to earn as much “money” as I want, but I will only be paid in Federal Reserve notes.

 There is nothing I can do to be paid in gold certificates or some other form of “money”.

 This money monopoly is solely in the hands of a small number of private stock banks, and these banks are owned by the wealthiest families in the world.

 Their plan is eventually to control 100 per cent of all the capital resources of the world and thereby control everyone’s life through the availability (or non-availability) of all goods and services.

 An independent source of wealth (a free energy device) in the hands of each and every person in the world would ruin their plans for world domination, permanently.

Why this is true is easy to see.


Currently, a nation’s economy can be either slowed down or sped up by the raising or lowering of interest rates.

 But if an independent source of capital (energy) were present in the economy, and any business or person could raise more capital without borrowing it from a bank, this centralised throttling action on interest rates would simply not have the same effect.

 Free energy technology changes the value of money. The wealthiest families and the issuers of credit do not want any competition. It’s that simple.

They want to maintain their current monopoly control of the money supply.

 For them, free energy technology is not just something to suppress, it must be permanently forbidden!


So, the wealthiest families and their central banking institutions are the first force operating to postpone the public availability of free energy technology.

Their motivations are the imagined “divine right to rule”, greed and their insatiable need to control everything except themselves.

 The weapons they have used to enforce this postponement include intimidation, “expert” debunkers, buying and shelving of technology, murder and attempted murder of the inventors, character assassination, arson and a wide variety of financial incentives and disincentives to manipulate possible supporters.

 They have also promoted the general acceptance of a scientific theory that states that free energy is impossible (the laws of thermodynamics).

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NEXUS 49

2. National Governments
The second force operating to postpone the public availability of free energy technology is national governments.

 The problem here is not so much related to competition in the printing of currency but the maintenance of “national security’.


The fact is, the world out there is a jungle and humans can be counted upon to be very cruel, dishonest and sneaky.

It is government’s job to “provide for the common defence”. For this, “police powers” are delegated by the executive branch of government to enforce “the rule of law”.

 Most of us who consent to the rule of law do so because we believe it is the right thing to do, for our own benefit.

 However, there are always a few individuals who believe that their own benefit is best served by behaviour that does not voluntarily conform to the generally agreed upon social order.

 These people choose to operate outside of “the rule of law” and are considered outlaws, criminals, subversives, traitors, revolutionaries or terrorists.


Most national governments have discovered by trial and error that the only foreign policy that really works over time is a policy called “tit for tat’.

 What this means to you and me is that governments treat each other the way they are being treated.

 There is a constant “jockeying” for position and influence in world affairs, and the “strongest” party wins!

In economics it’s called “the Golden Rule”, which states that “the one with the gold Strange t ingsmakes the rules’.

 So it is with poli- people when thi tics, also, but its appearance is more
Darwinian.

 It’s simply “survival of a out to ecom the fittest”.

It takes a tremi In politics, however, the “fittest”


has come to mean the strongest party discipline to rc that is also willing to fight the dirti- and humble in I est.

 Absolutely every means available is used to maintain an advantage workingfree e over the “adversary”, and everyone else is the “adversary” regardless of whether they are considered friend or foe.

 This includes outrageous psychological posturing, lying, cheating, spying, stealing, assassination of world leaders, proxy wars, alliances and shifting alliances, treaties, foreign aid and the presence of military forces wherever possible.


Like it or not, this is the psychological and actual arena in which national governments operate.

No national government will ever do anything that gives an adversary an advantage simply for free.

 Never! It’s national suicide. Any activity by any individual, inside or outside the country, which is interpreted as giving an adversary an edge or advantage in any way, will be deemed a threat to “national security”. Always!


Free energy technology is a national government’s worst nightmare!

Openly acknowledged, free energy technology sparks an unlimited arms race by all governments in a final attempt to gain absolute advantage and domination.

 Think about it. Do you think Japan will not feel intimidated if China gets free energy?

Do you think Israel will sit by quietly as Iraq acquires free energy? Do you think India will allow Pakistan to develop free energy?

Do you think the USA would not try to stop Osama bin Laden from getting free energy?

 
Unlimited energy available in the current state of affairs on this planet will lead to an inevitable reshuffling of the “balance of power”.

This could become an all-out war to prevent “the other” from having the advantage of unlimited wealth and power.

Everybody will want it, and at the same time will want to prevent everyone else from getting it.


So, national governments are the second force operating to postpone the public availability of free energy technology.

 Their motivation is “self-preservation”. This self-preservation operates on three levels: first, by not giving undue advantage to an external enemy;

second, by preventing individualised action (anarchy) capable of effectively challenging official police powers within the country; and third, by preserving income streams derived from taxing energy sources currently in use.

 
Their weapons include preventing the issuance of patents on national security grounds, and the legal and illegal harassment of inventors with criminal charges, tax audits, threats, phone taps, arrest, arson, theft of property during shipment, and a host of other intimidations which make the business of building and marketing a free energy machine impossible.


4. Delusion and Dishonesty in the FE Movement
The third force operating to postpone the public availability of free energy technology consists of the group of deluded inventors and outright charlatans and con men.

 On the periphery of the extraordinary scientific breakthroughs that constitute the real free energy technologies lies a shadow world of
a a unexplained anomalies, marginal iso happen toinventions and unscrupulous promot thin they are ers.

 The first two forces have constantly used the media to promote the
extremely rich, worst examples of this group, to disidous spiritual tract the public’s attention and to discredit the real breakthroughs by asso tar objective ciating them with the obvious frauds.

 
presence of a Over the last 100 years, dozens of
stories have surfaced about unusual rgy machine, inventions.

 Some of these ideas have so captivated the public’s imagination that a mythology about these systems continues to this day.

 Names like Keely, Hubbard, Coler and Hendershot immediately come to mind.

There may be real technologies behind these names, but there simply isn’t enough technical data available in the public domain to make a determination.

 These names remain associated with a free energy mythology, however, and are cited by debunkers as examples of fraud.

But the idea of free energy taps very deeply into the human subconscious mind.


However, a few inventors with marginal technologies that demonstrate useful anomalies have mistakenly exaggerated the importance of their invention.

Some of these inventors also have mistakenly exaggerated the importance of themselves for having invented it.

 A combination of “gold fever” and/or a “Messiah complex” appears, wholly distorting any future contribution they may make.

 While the research thread they are following may hold great promise, they begin to trade enthusiasm for facts, and the value of the scientific work from that point on suffers greatly.

 There is a powerful yet subtle seduction that can warp a personality if they believe that “the world rests on their shoulders” or that they are the world’s “saviour”.


Strange things also happen to people when they think they are about to become extremely rich.

 It takes a tremendous spiritual discipline to remain objective and humble in the presence of a working free energy machine.

P50 JULY — AUGUST 2001 www.nexusmagazine.com

Many inventors’ psyches become unstable by the inventors’ just believing they have a free energy machine.

As the quality of the science deteriorates, some inventors also develop a “persecution complex” that makes them very  defensive and unnapproachable.

 This process precludes them from ever really developing a free energy machine, and fuels the fraud mythologies tremendously.


Then there are the outright con men. In the last 15 years, there is one person in the USA who has raised the free energy con to a professional art.

 He has raised more than US$100,000,000, has been barred from doing business in the state of Washington, has been jailed in California, and he’s still at it.

 He always talks about a variation of one of the real free energy systems, sells people on the idea that they will get one of these systems soon, but ultimate-
ly sells them only promotional information that gives no real data about the energy system itself.

 He has mercilessly preyed upon the Christian and Patriot communities in the USA and is still going strong.


This person’s current scam involves signing up hundreds of thousands of people for locations where he will install a free energy machine.

 In exchange for letting him put the FE generator in their home, they will get free electricity for life and his company will sell the excess energy back to the local utility company.

 After becoming convinced that they will receive free electricity for life, with no out-front expenses, they gladly buy a video—which helps draw their friends into the scam as well.

 Once you understand the power and motivations of the first two forces I have discussed, it is obvious that this person’s current “business plan’ cannot be  implemented.

This one person has probably done more harm to the free energy movement in the USA than any other force, by destroying people’s trust in the technology.


So, the third force postponing the public availability of free energy technology is delusion and dishonesty within the movement itself.

The motivations are self-aggrandizement, greed, want of power over others and a false sense of self-importance.

 The weapons used are lying, cheating, the “bait and switch’ con, self-delusion and arrogance, science.

4. A Non-Demanding Public


The fourth force operating to postpone the public availability of free energy technology is all of the rest of us.

 It may be easy to see how narrow and despicable the motivations of the other forces are, but actually these motivations are still very much alive in each of us as well.

 
Like the wealthiest families, don’t we each secretly harbor illusions of false superiority and the want to control others instead of ourselves?

 Also, wouldn’t we “sell out’ if the price were high enough—say, take $1 million dollars in cash, today?

 Or, like the governments, don’t we each want to ensure our own survival?

 If caught in the middle of a full, burning theatre, do we panic and push all the weaker people out of the way in a mad scramble for the door?

 Or, like the deluded inventor, don’t we trade a comfortable illusion once in a while for an uncomfortable fact?

 And don’t we like to think more of ourselves than others give us credit for?

Or don’t we still fear the unknown, even if it promises a great reward?


You see, really, all four forces are just different aspects of the same process, operating at different levels in the society.

 There is really only one force preventing the public availability of free energy technology, and that is the unspiritually motivated behaviour of the human animal.

 In the last analysis, free energy technology is an outward manifestation of Divine Abundance.

 It is the engine of the economy of an enlightened society—where people voluntarily behave in a respectful and civil manner towards each other;

where each member of the society has everything they need and does not covet what their neighbor has;

 where war and physical violence are socially unacceptable behaviors; and where people’s differences are at least tolerated, if not enjoyed.


The appearance of free energy technology in the public domain is the dawning of a truly civilized age. It is an epochal event in human history.

Nobody can “take credit” for it. Nobody can “get rich” on it.

 Nobody can “rule the world” with it. It is, simply, a gift from God.

 It forces us all to take responsibility for our own actions and for our own self-disciplined self-restraint when needed.

 The world as it is currently ordered cannot have free energy technology without being totally transformed by it into something else.

 This “civilization” has reached the pinnacle of its development because it has birthed the seeds of its own transformation.

The unspiritualised human animals cannot be trusted with free energy.

They  will only do what they have always done, which is take merciless advantage of each other or kill each other and themselves in the process.

 
If you go back and read Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged (1957) or the Club of Rome’s report, The Limits To Growth (1972), it becomes obvious that the wealthiest families have understood this for decades.

 Their plan is to live in “the world of free energy” but permanently freeze the rest of us out.

 But this is not new. Royalty has usually always considered the general population (us) to be their subjects.

 What is new is that you and I can now communicate with each other better than at any time in the past.

 The Internet offers us, the fourth force, an opportunity to overcome the combined efforts of the other forces that are preventing the spread of free energy technology.


THE OPPORTUNITY FOR A JUST SOCIETY


What is starting to happen is that inventors are publishing their work instead of patenting it and keeping it secret.

 More and more, people are “giving away” information on these technologies in books, videos and websites.

 While there is still a great deal of useless information about free energy on the Internet, the availability of good information is rising rapidly.

 Check out the list of websites and other resources at the end of this article.

 
It is imperative that you begin to gather all the information you can on real free energy systems.

JULY — AUGUST 2001 www.riexusmagazine.com ,NEXUS • 51

 The reason for this is simple. The first two forces will never allow an inventor or a company to build and sell a free energy machine to you!

The only way you will ever get one is if you build it yourself (or get a friend to build combined with lousy

it).

This is exactly what thousands of people are already quietly starting to do.

You may feel wholly inadequate to the task, but start gathering information now.

 You may be just a link in the chain of events for the benefit of others. Focus on what you can do now, not on how much is still to be done.

Small private research groups are working out the details as you read this. Many are committed to publishing their results on the Internet.

 
All of us constitute the fourth force. If we stand up and refuse to remain ignorant and actionless, we can change the course of history.

 It is the aggregate of our combined action that can make a difference. Only the mass action that represents our consensus can create the world we want.

 The other three forces will not help us put a fuelless power plant in our basement. They will not hem us be free from their manipulations.

 
Nevertheless, free energy technology is here. It is real, and it will change everything about the way we live, work and relate to each other.

 
In the last analysis, free energy technology makes greed and the fear for
survival obsolete.

 But like all exercises of spiritual faith, we must first manifest the generosity and trust in our own lives.


The source of free energy is inside of us. It is that excitement of expressing ourselves freely.

It is our spiritually guided intuition expressing itself without distraction, intimidation or manipulation.

 It is our open-heartedness. Ideally, the free energy technologies underpin a just society where everyone has enough food, clothing, shelter, self-worth and the leisure time to contemplate the higher spiritual meanings of life.

 Do we not owe it to each other to face down our fears and take action to create this future for our children’s children? Perhaps I am not the only one waiting to act on a greater Truth.


Free energy technology is here. It has been here for decades.

 Communications technology and the Internet have torn the veil of secrecy off this remarkable fact.

 People all over the world are starting to build free energy devices for their own use.

The bankers and the governments do not want this to happen but can- not stop it.

 Tremendous economic instabilities and wars will be used in the near future to distract people from joining the free energy movement.

 There will essentially be no major media coverage of this aspect of what is going on.

It will simply be reported as wars and civil wars erupting everywhere, leading to UN ‘peacekeeper’ occupation in more and more countries.

 
Western society is spiralling down towards self-destruction due to the accumulated effects of long-term greed and corruption.

 The general availability of free energy technology cannot stop this trend.

 It can only reinforce it. However, if you have a free energy device, you may be better positioned to survive the political/social/economic transition that is underway.

No national government will survive this process. The question is, who will ultimately control the emerging World Government: the first force or the fourth force?

 
The last Great War is almost upon us. The seeds are planted. After this will come the beginning of a real civilization.

 Some of us who refuse to fight will survive to see the dawn of the world of free energy. I challenge you to be among the ones who try.


About the Author:
Peter Lindemann, DSc, became interested in Free Energy in 1973 when he was introduced to the work of Edwin Gray.

 By 1981 he had developed his own free energy systems based on variable reluctance generators and pulsed motor designs.

 During the 1980s he worked off and on with both Bruce DePalma and Eric Dollard.

In 1988 he joined the board of Borderland Sciences Research Foundation and served until 1 999.

During this period he authored more than 20 articles for The Journal of Borderland Research.


Dr Lindemann is a leading authority on the practical applications of aether technology and cold electricity.

Currently he is a Research Associate of Dr Robert Adams in New Zealand, as well as a close collaborator with Trevor James Constable in the USA.

 He is also Director of Research for Clear Tech, Inc. in the USA.

 
Dr Lindemann’s book, The Free Energy Secrets of Cold Electricity, is reviewed in this issue; the companion video was reviewed last issue (8/03). Both are available from Clear Tech, Inc., www.free-energy.cc, and Adventures Unlimited, www.adventuresun I imitedpress.com, in the USA.

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52 • NEXUS

www.nexusmagazine.com

JULY — AUGUST 2001

TESLA ELECTRICITY GENERATION EXPERIMENT—PART 2
by Anthony Hansen
Jn the last issue of NEXUS (vol.2#25), I mentioned briefly Nikola Tesla’s work at Colorado Springs which, even today, is not really appreciated nor, in
most cases, even known.
The big question is: What was Tesla up to at Colorado Springs? I believe if you look at Tesla’s work it is obvious, that he placed a high priority on energy, especially clean power. This is evidenced by his efforts which ultimately resulted in one of his finest energy supply systems: the world’s first power station using clean, reusable power, namely, Niagara Falls, which is a permanent monument to Tesla.
Having made this a reality, he realised there was possibly one inherent flaw in this otherwise near-perfect power supply sys tern. This is, as Tesla pointed out, the use of power lines to distribute the power to areas where it is required. Obviously, power lines do this quite well—except for the following objections:
1. The cost to supply and install power transmission lines is expensive, and a lot of maintenance is required.
2. There are very real dangers to do with radiation from power transmission lines— which have been well-documented, with new horror stories emerging practically every month—especially as the operating frequency is 50/60 cycles, which Tesla never wanted used.
3. They are unsightly systems to view and could be classed as visual pollution.
4. In spite of Tesla’s high-voltage transmission methods—which are very good compared to earlier DC transmission systems—they still require quite a lot of power to drive the system. By this I mean there is still a lot of resistance in the power transmission system. The end result is a waste of power.
Tesla was most aware of this, and after a lot of thought and research came to one of his most profound discoveries: that the
. Earth is a far better conductor of electricity than any transmission line.
The above statement should be thought

about. What it means is the following:
1. No need for power transmission lines.
2. Telephone communication can be done using the Earth as a conductor.
3. Radio, television, fax, etc. can be sent through the Earth.
If one reflects on the previous examples it can be seen that, once implemented, it means a giant step forward for communication and power use.
The other matter to consider is: Why is the system not in use? All I can say is, you, as the reader, must reach your own conclusion. Some of you may say, “Perhaps it does not work.” If so, I disagree, for the following reason:
The Earth has been used for a long time as a return conductor in systems such as telegraph circuits. It is also interesting to note that the return circuit has much less resistance than the telegraph supply line.
It is also more or less well known that, given half a chance, electricity will always flow back to Earth, like water flowing downhill. The water, if it can, would eventually flow back to the world’s oceans.

 As surely as the world’s oceans are the reservoir of water, I believe the Earth is the original reservoir of electricity.

 
Let’s consider this another way. When lightning strikes the Earth, what happens?


One of the basic laws of physics is that energy is neither created nor destroyed.


Well, if this is the case, the Earth presumably stores this energy.
Another way to consider this is the following.

We live on a planet that is approximately 9,000 miles in diameter.
We are moving at 1,200 miles per hour, or 1,100 feet per second, on the equator

 Could the Earth be a giant rotary generator with a north and south pole and apparently full of electricity?  In other words, every rotary generator is a miniature replica of the Earth.


A final comment on this. There have been many accounts of lightning leaping from the ground up to the sky. This clearly shows that the Earth is charged to a very high potential or voltage.


So, we have been standing on, living on, travelling about on the ultimate communication and power system without ever, in most cases, being aware of this.


Another consideration of the greatest importance: Can we continue to burn fossil fuels and destroy this most wonderful planet, our only home? Everyone is aware of how serious these realities are.


Tesla was very concerned, and did his best to correct these problems.

 
I consider all these problems are a test for mankind—and until we solve these problems on Earth, we will never conquer distant worlds in the intergalactic medium which, I believe, is mankind’s true destiny. ;1

SCIENCE;0]

JUNE -JULY 1995

NEXUS 53


NICOLA TESLA’S ELECTRIC FLYING PLATFORM—

The World’s First Flying Machine, circa 1900
by Anthony Hansen
With discoveries there is always a first, and few, if any, inventors ever beat Nikola Tesla, especially with the power systems he developed.

The Colorado oscillator could easily produce 500,000 horsepower—the perfect power supply for driving the electric flying machines he was developing.


It was hardly practical to fly these devices around New York—not if you wanted to keep them secret. Colorado was the perfect place to fly around unnoticed— or so Tesla assumed.


Deep in thought as usual, he felt safe testing his equipment, especially at night. Why not?

 He had been doing this for some time. Why should this evening be any different? But so it was to be, as he was soon to find out.
While most people would be indoors at home or perhaps enjoying the saloons in Colorado Springs, it was unusual for anyone to be out at night on foot in the middle of some rural area, but this was the case this night.
Horses were valuable creatures. If a rancher lost a horse, it had to be found.
This particular rancher had seen his horse earlier and it seemed alright, although a little jumpy.
The man had noticed some strange things when he was pumping water from an old hand-pump. He had received a tingling sensation from pump’s the metal lever. His wife had refused to use the pump for some time, and now he had felt the same sensation she’d reported.
Some time later he put some horse- feed into a bucket and walked across to feed the horse. Usually the sight of the man with the buckel was enough for the horse to come up for his food—but not tonight. The ranger was surprised. Why did the horse seem so jumpy? ‘1 must be getting old,” thought the rancher. “I could swear I saw sparks coming from the horse’s feet when I lifted up a hoof,”
It was not imagination at all. The horse had metal horseshoes. Every time he lifted a hoof from the ground, sparks two to three inches long arced back to

Earth. It was too much for the now-terrified creature. It galloped off in a frenzy, sparks jumping from the iron horseshoes as it sped away into the night. This was indeed a strange situation, thought the rancher.
Meanwhile, some distance away, Tesla was adjusting his huge electrical oscillator, unaware of its effects on the horse. He had lots of experience with these devices. Some years earlier he had reached the limit for these high-voltage machines in a city; hence the remote area of Colorado Springs was ideal for what he had in mind.
The oscillator had been going for some time now. Tesla had set the device to increase slowly in power. When it got to a certain intensity, it would be time for another test. This was a test that Tesla looked forward to.
Tesla really enjoyed these experiments— and why not? To fly around at night, gliding 10 feet above the ground at virtually any speed he felt like, was ecstasy. The cool Colorado air in his face reminded him of his native homeland. In the distance he could see the giant tower-like structure, 167 feet high, with the metal ball on top. The entire vertical iron column was now glowing with a purple corona. It was a marvellous sight, Tesla thought.
Tesla stepped onto a strange machine. It was approximately six feet wide by 12 feet in length. It was a wooden box-like structure about two feet in height. Inside the box were rows of capacitors and coils. Underneath were sheets of copper on top. At the back was a large coil, about five feet diameter and about eight feet high. On top of this was a metal rod, about three inches diameter and six feet high. At the top was a metal ball, about 24 inches diameter. At the front was a small upright section.
Tesla stood behind this and moved a lever. There was a strange humming noise. Nothing seemed to happen for a few seconds. Then, with a crackling noise, the platform lifted from the ground like Aladdin’s magic carpet. Streamers arced back to Earth furiously—but then uddenly stopped when the platform reached a certain distance from Earth, usually about 12 feet.
It was now time for a test run. In the distance, Tesla could see Pikes Peak and the railway wagons moving near the base of the mountain. It might be wise, Tesla thought, to keep away from this area. Best to go the opposite direction—less chance of being seen, and less populated.

a
I

54 NEXUS

JUNE -JULY 1995

Things were going well. The platform was gradually rising higher—a sure sign that the oscillator was increasing in power.

 Tesla tried to avoid wire fences as they had the annoying habit of causing the underneath of the platform to send streamers back to Earth—although they were convenient for testing the amount of power stored in the capacitor banks.

 They could also cause grass fires—something he could do without. Country folk were terrified of grass fires, and with good reason.

 
Tesla was now about three miles from the experimental station when he decided to land and do some adjustments. He had no sooner landed when, out of nowhere, the

rancher came, looking for his horse. He had been searching for some time to no avail, and instead had found something too unspeakable to comprehend. But there was no escaping this situation. It was enough to make a man religious, especially as he had heard a travelling preacher warning of the dangers of electricity: “It’s the work of the devil, it’s an agent of the devil. To show any interçst in it was to invite a sure one- way trip to hell. No such thoughts would have been in Tesla’s mind—only thoughts of the experiment in hand. And now the possibility of premature exposure—a serious consideration, but what to do?
It was all too much for the rancher. These were simple country people. To see a strange thing like this glowing in the moonlight, Tesla dressed in black, his six- foot height made even taller by his four- inch insulated rubber shoes, was too much for the rancher. This had to be the work of the devil. Only one thing to do: run like helland hope you lived to tell.
Tesla probably had similar thoughts of making a hasty retreat, and he had the ideal means of escaping. Well, it just shows you, people turn up in the strangest places. The rancher had unwittingly seen one of the most marvellous of scientific tests ever—and the least documented.
This strange encounter was told to me by the son of the rancher—an old man in his eighties whom I met around 12 years ago when I was in the Henry Ford Museum in Detroit, standing out the front of the Edison Museum workshop—and was, I must say, a powerful incentive to find out more about Tesla.
It gives me great pleasure to share this for the first time with NEXUS readers.
© 1995 Anthony Hansen
. P08ox1682 Toowong, QId 4066, Australia

SUPER SPACE MAGNETIC POWER SOURCE DISCOVERY

by Robert Adams

[The news of this discovery was first released at the NEXUS Conference in Sydney on Sunday 26th March and was the highlight of the Adams presentation to the Conference.
Scientist Robert Adams of Whakatane, New Zealand, has had a long-standing research relationship with his valued friend and colleague, Captain Bruce Cathie (retired), internationally recognised researcher in the fields of gravitational and electromagnetic energies.1

Bnice and I came to the conclusion over 10 years ago that if we combined the Cathie harmonic unified field theory with the Adams

magnetic technology, we would achieve the ultimate in electric motor and generator design, resulting in a machine of a very high order of efficiency.
During these 10 years of intensive research, Bruce’s equations have been involved in our collective research.
In the latter period of 1994 our predic tio

became a reality, but with an enormous bonus that
was to follow. A
short time after this
success, I decided
to conduct certain
experimental work
on a hunch I had,
but its results were
entirely opposite to
what I had expect-

ed.

I had instead made an incredible discovery of a method to successfully engineer magnetic materials into increasing their energy potential to four times greater. This technology applies to magnetic materials of any composi tion.

As no outside electromagnetic force whatsoever is applied to cause

the resulting massive increase of energy, it is then obvious that this massive increase in energy is gated from space/gravity.
Upon the engineering of the magnet taking place, the device is curving space, creating enormous powered vortexes, in turn reaching zero point/negative time within this vortex. In the case of a square magnet, four very powerful vortexes emerge. Even in the case of a small magnet, only three- quarters of an inch square, the energy is such that it is very difficult to attempt to hold a thin screwdriver down the vortex

centres.
To quote from the early 1994 manuscript of Bruce Cathie’s latest book, The Harmonic Conquest of Space (1995, page 138, sentences I and 2):
“The work that we are both involved in now is to ascertain to what degree we can combine the harmonic unified theories discovered in my research with the construction of the advanced Adams pulsed machines.
“We believe that the ultimate in motor

generator design could emerge from this collaboration. Efficiencies have already been increased but the work is ongoing and ;1

N[WSCIENC[N[WSCI[NC[NEWSCIENCE;0]

there always seem to be more surprises around the corner.”

JUNE -JULY 1995

NEXUS • 55

THE ADAMS SUPER-POWER MULTI-POLAR MAGNET

Jhave for many years theorised the existence of four poles interacting in any magnet. There is little doubt that two poles dominate from what is nbserved, and taught, in classical texts.
However, since my discovery of engineering magnets into forming four poles— and, in so doing, quadrupling the energy— surely some light has been shed on the theory of the existence of four poles. Bruce Cathie and I will investigate this further when time permits.
A rectangular or cube magnet, when engineered into the Adams technology, becomes a unit consisting of four twin

poles, each face containing a north and a south pole, separated by a zero vortex in the centre of each of the four twin foles, and all displaying similar energies.
Ironically, but not unexpectedly, this super twin-pole magnet is a very valuable adjunct to further advancement of the Adams Motor technology. The energy found on the edges of each of the four faces is very high—25 per cent of the total energy of the full face.
The present lab magnets are approximately three-quarters-of-an-inch cube. The edge of any face will hold a five-kilogram steel or iron block in mid-air. When the full face of the magnet is attached to metal, a force of beyond 20 kg is required to remove it. In my presentation to the NEXUS Conference, I advised tests would be carried out this month to determine the strain required to remove the magnet.
The dice-sized magnet was attached to a steel plate on a ceiling rafter and, with the aid of a chain, a 15-kilogram block was first attached to it; then a 4.7-kg block added on with a nylon rope; then another 200-gram block was attached; then, a fourth 200-gram block. The magnet still hanging fast, a 100-gram block was added; then…wait for it…CRASH to the floor. The magnet was still attached to its anchor on the roof-rafter!

A magnet, approximately three-quarters- of-an-inch cube, weighing only 60 grams, capable of holding a weight of beyond 20 kilograms in mid-air, 333.333 times its own weight? Will this at last have something of an effect on the closed ignorant minds of conventional science?
Tl way now must surely be clear that spaceigravity energy via electromagnetic foices of permanent magnets is not impos sibl

nor difficult to harness. The space/gravity energies are clean, non- exhaustible and free. The Adams technology has proved this and leaves no grounds for dispute.
Einstein’s sacrosanct theories of relativi ty

and the laws of thermodynamics, are the most remarkable and inexplicable aberrations ever recorded in scientific history. These draconian false teachings have been instrumental in impeding the process of science towards free, clean energy.

CLASSICAL THEORY AND ADAMS TECHNOLOGY

The classical theory of magnetism from the textbooks attributes the phenomenon to the motion of electrons within the atoms of molecules.

 There is evidence that the orbital electrons in an atom not only revolve about the nucleus of the atom, but also each individual electron spins about an axis through its centre.

 It is believed that in highly magnetic materials, each atom has many more electrons spinning in one direction than in another.

In the submicroscopic region, i.e., the “domain’, many of these atoms with electron spin in one direction create a magnetic field which effectively supplements the field engendered by the revolving electrons.

 Each domain thus becomes a tiny magnet. When the domains are in random state, the substance as a whole is not a magnet.

The application of external magnetic field will reorient the domains and produce a magnet in the way described above.

 
When the application of an external magnetic force has been applied and all the domains have been aligned, the condition of MAGNETIC SATURATION has been reached, and any further increase in strength of the external force field will not increase the magnetization of the iron any further.

 With the advent of the Adams Permanent Magnet Technology, is it not further evidence that conventional text teachings have reached the stage when they should be rewritten?


From the observations of certain lab experiments with ball-bearings, it is the opinion of the discoverer that the electrons circulate in conjugate pairs and have a spin opposite to that of rotation, and that the spin is four times greater than that of the orbital rotation.

 I note also that conventional texts prefer not to state direction of spin, nor velocity relative to orbital motion.

 
I do not therefore subscribe to the statement that “in highly magnetic materials, each atom has many more electrons spinning in one direction than in another”.

 I feel such a condition cannot pertain in light of my discoveries.

 
Also to be addressed is the matter of the massive energy increase resulting from the Adams applied technology.

 Are man made scientific laws once again violated? If the magnetic material is saturated when subjected to an external energy source, the Adams technology must then be gating space/gravity energy.


There is overwhelming evidence that space/gravity energy can be concentrated, focused and/or magnified by permanent magnets.

 
© 1995 Robert Adams
Whakatane, New Zealand ;1

NEWSCIENCEN[WSCI[NC[NEWSCI[NCE;0]

.

56 NEXUS

JUNE-JULY 1995

-Ta4PC.’b’ LF

. .. . .. . Te SI a S T a ns rn liter :
L Tunguska connection? J


IN SEARCH OF A “DEATH RAY”


Jn the spring of 1924, newspapers carried stories about “death ray” inventions in different parts of the world. The work of Harry Grindell-Matthews, London, was the first reported. The New York Times of 21st May had this story:


“Paris, May 20— If confidence of Grindell-Matthews, inventor of the so-called ‘diabolical ray’ in his discovery is justified, it may become possible to put the whole of an enemy army out of action, destroy any force of airplanes attacking a city or paralyze any fleet venturing within a certain distance of the coast by invisible rays.”1
Grindell-Matthews stated that his destructive rays would operate over a distance of four miles and that the maximum distance for this type of weapon would be seven or eight miles. Asked if it would be possible to destroy an approaching enemy fleet, the inventor said it would not, because “Ships, like land, are in continual contact with the Earth, but what I can do is to put the ships out of action by the destruction of vital parts of the machinery, and also by putting the crews temporarily out of action through shock. “2 Airplanes, on the other hand, could be completely destroyed. As soon as his ray touched the plane it would burst into flames and fall to Earth.
Germany joined the technology race on 25th May when it announced its electrical weapon. As The Chicago Tribune reported:
“That the German Government has an invention of death rays that will bring down airplanes, halt tanks on the battlefields, ruin automobile motors, and spread a curtain of death like the gas clouds of the recent war…”
Sensing something of importance The New York Times copyrighted its story of 28th May on a ray weapon developed by the Soviets. The story opened:
“News has leaked out from the Communist circles in Moscow that behind Trotsky’s recent warlike utterance lies an electromagnetic invention, by a Russian engineer named Grammachikoff for destroying airplanes.
Tests of the destructive ray, the Times continued, had began the previous August with the aid of German technical experts. A large-scale demonstration at Podosinsky Aerodrome near Moscow was so successful that the Revolutionary Military Council and the Political Bureau decided to fund enough electronic anti-aircraft stations to protect sensitive areas of Russia. Similar but more powerful stations were to be constructed to disable the electrical mechanisms of warships.

 
An English engineer, J. H. Hamil, offered the American Army plans for producing “an invisible ray capable of stopping airplanes and automobiles in midflight”, invented by a German scientist. The ray device was said to have been used the previous summer to bring down French planes over Bavaria. Hamil noted, however, that “the fundamental work was done by Nikola Tesla in Colorado Springs about 30 years ago”.4


TESLA’S WIRELESS EXPERIMENT
The effect that captured the attention of foreign death-ray inventors occurred at the Colorado Springs Electric Company powerhouse. One day while Tesla was conducting a high-power test, the crackling from inside the laboratory suddenly stopped. Bursting into the lab, Tesla demanded to know why his assistant had disconnected the coil. The assistant protested that he had not done anything. The power from the city’s generator, the assistant said, must have quit. When the angry Tesla telephoned the power company he received an equally angry reply that the power company had not cut the power, but that Tesla’s experiment had destroyed the generator!
These Colorado tests led to the developmht of a weapon much more ominous than any
of the “death ray” inventions. ;1

Did Nikola
Tesla ‘s wireless
power
transmission
experiment
cause the
mysterious
explosion over
Tunguska,
Siberia, in
1908?;0]

© by Oliver Nichelson
333 North 760 East
American Fork, Utah 84003, USA
Reprinted with permission from
Exfraordsnary Science
(January/February/March 1995)
P0 Box 5636
Coloradg Springs CO 80931,. USA
Ph (719) 475 0918, Fax (719)4750582

AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 1995

NEXUS • 39


When he realised that economic forces would not allow the develrunt of a new type of electrical generator that would supply power without burning fuel, he “was led to recognize [that] the transmission of electrical energy to any distance through the media as by far the best solution of the great problem of harnessing the Sun’s energy for the use of man. “56 His idea was that a relatively few generating plants located near waterfalls would supply his very high energy transmitters which, in turn, would send power through the Earth to be picked up wherever it was needed.
Receiving energy from this high-pressure reservoir would only
require a person to put a rod into the ground and connect it to a
receiver operating in resonance with the electrical motion in the
Earth. As Tesla described in 1911:
“The entire apparatus for lighting the average country dwelling will contain no moving parts whatever, and could be readily carried about in a small valise.”3
The difference between a current used to light “the average country dwelling” and a current used as a method of destruction, however, is a matter of timing. If the amount of electricity used to run a television for an hour is released in a millionth of a second, it would have a very different, and negative, effect on the television.
Tesla said his transmitter could produce 100 million volts of pressure, and currents up to 1,000 amperes, with experimental power levels of billions or tens of billions of watts.
If that amount of power were released in an incomparably small interval of time, the energy would be equal to the explosion of millions of tons of TNT, that is, a multimegaton explosion. Such a transmitter would be capable of projecting the force of a nuclear warhead by radio. Any location in the world could be vaporised at the speed of light.
TESLA’S WORLDWIDE WIRELESS SYSTEM
Not unexpectedly, many scientists doubted the technical feasi bilit

of Tesla’s wireless power transmission scheme whether for commercial or military purposes. Modern authorities in electronics, even those who express admiration for Tesla’s genius, believe he was mistaken in the interpretation of his experiments when it came to electrical transmission through the Earth.’°”12
On the other hand, statements from authoritative witnesses who saw Tesla’s equipment in operation support his claim about transmission with something other than the radio waves known today. During the Chicago World’s Fair of 1893, the Westinghouse exhibit set up by Tesla was visited by Herman von Helmholtz, one of the leading physicists of his time. When Tesla “asked the celebrated physicist for an expression of opinion on the feasibility of the

[transmission]

scheme, he stated unhesitatingly that it was practicable.”3
Later, in 1897, Lord Kelvin visited New York and stopped at the Tesla laboratory where Tesla entertained him with demonstrtions in support of Tesla’s wireless theory.
“Suddenly [Kelvin] remarked with evident astonishment: ‘Then you are not making use of Hertz waves?’ ‘Certainly not,’ I replied. ‘These are radiations.’ …He parted from me not only thoroughly convinced of the scientific soundness of the idea but strongly expressed his confidence in its success.
A recent analysis of Tesla’s wireless transmission method shows that he used an electrostatic transmission technique that did not radiate radio waves as we know them and could send waves through the Earth with little loss of power.
The question remains of whether Tesla demonstrated the weapons application of his power transmission system. Circumstantial evidence found in the chronology of Tesla’s work and financial fortunes between 1900 and 1908 points to there having been a test of this weapon.
1900—Tesla returned from Colorado Springs after completing the tests of wireless power transmission that destroyed the power company’s generator, and received backing from 3. P. Morgan to build a transmitter to signal Europe. He called the research site “Wardenclyffe”.
On 12th December Marconi sent the first transatlantic signal, the letter “S”, from Cornwall, England, to Newfoundland, Canada. He did this, as the financiers noted, with equipment much less costly than that being built by Tesla.
1902-1904—The construction of
Wardenclyffe went over budget;
Morgan refused further funding.
Marconi was hailed as a world hero.
1904-1906——Tesla was subject to multiple lawsuits over unpaid Colorado Springs expenses. George Westinghouse, who bought Tesla’s patents for alternating current motors and generators in the 1880s, turned down the inventor’s power transmission business proposal. Workers gradually stopped coming to the Wardenclyffe laboratory when there were no funds to pay them.
In an article, Tesla commented on Peary’s expedition to the North Pole, and told of his (Tesla’s) plans for energy transmission to any central point on the ground.

Powerful discharge from a transmitter constructed in accordance with principles set forth in
N ikola Tesla’s US Patent no. 1,119,732, awarded on 1St December 1914.
c.

40 • NEXUS

AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 1995

1907—Tesla noted in a letter to The New York Times that electrical waves could be used for destructive ends. “As to projecting wave energy to any particular region of the globe.., this can be done by my devices,” he wrote. Further, he claimed that “the spot
. at which the desired effect is to be produced can be calculated very closely, assuming the accepted terrestrial measurements to be correct.
1908—Tesla repeated the idea of destruction by electrical waves to the newspaper on 21st April. His letter to the editor stated, “When I spoke of future warfare I meant that it should be conducted by direct application of electrical waves without the use of aerial engines or other implements of destruction.” He added, “This is not a dream. Even now, wireless power plants could be constructed by which any region of the globe might be rendered uninhabitable without subjecting the population of other parts to serious danger or inconvenience.”7
In the period from 1900 to 1910, Tesla’s creative thrust was to establish his plan for wireless transmission of energy. Undercut by Marconi, beset by financial problems, and spurned by the scientific establishment, Tesla was in a desperate situation by mid- decade. The strain became too great by 1906-1907 and, according to Tesla biographers, he suffered an emotional collapse.’8”9
In order to make a final effort to have his grand scheme recognised, he may have tried one high-power test of his transmitter to show off its destructive potential. This would have been in 1908.
THE TUNGUSKA EVENT
The Tunguska event took place on the morning of 30th June 1908. An explosion, estimated to be equivalent to 10 to 15 megatons of TNT, flattened 500,000 acres of pine forest near the Stony Tunguska River in central Siberia. Whole herds of reindeer were destroyed. Several nomadic villages were reported to have van ished. The explosion was heard over a radius of 620 miles. When an expedition was made to the area in 1927 to find evidence of the meteorite presumed to have
caused the blast, no impact
crater was found. When the
ground was drilled for pieces
of nickel, iron or stone (the
main constituents of meteorites),
nothing was found
down to a depth of 118 feet.
Several explanations have
been given for the Tunguska
event. The officially accepted
version is that a 100,000-ton
fragment of Encke’s Comet,
composed mainly of dust and
ice, entered the atmosphere at
62,000 mph, heated up and
exploded over the Earth’s surface
creating a fireball and
shock- wave but no crater.
Alternative explanations of the
disaster include a renegade
mini black hole or an alien
spaceship crashing into the
Earth with the resulting release
of energy.
Associating Tesla with the
Tunguska event comes close to
. putting the inventor’s power
transmission idea in the same
speculative category as ancient

astronauts. However, historical facts point to the possibility that this event was caused by a test-firing of Tesla’s energy weapon.
In 1907 and 1908, Tesla wrote about the destructive effects of his energy transmitter. His Wardenclyffe facility was much larger than the Colorado Springs device that destroyed the power station’s generator. Then, in 1915, he stated bluntly:
“It is perfectly practical to transmit electrical energy without wires and produce destructive effects at a distance. I have already constructed a wireless transmitter which makes this possible… But when unavoidable [it] may be used to destroy property and life, The art is already so far developed that the great destructive effects can be produced at any point on the globe, defined beforehand with great accuracy. “7°
He seems to confess to such a test having taken place before 1915, and, though the evidence is circumstantial, Tesla had the motive and the means to cause the Tunguska event. His transmitter could generate energy levels and frequencies capable of releasing the destructive force of 10 megatons or more of TNT. And the overlooked genius was desperate.
E/M FINGERPRINTS OF THE TUNGUSKA EVENT
The nature of the Tunguska event is also consistent with what would happen during the sudden release of wireless power. No fiery object was reported in the skies at that time by professional or amateur astronomers, as would be expected when a 200,000,000-pound object enters the atmosphere at tens of thousands of miles an hour. Also, the first reporter (from the town of Tomsk) to reach the area judged the stories about a body falling from the sky to be the result of the imagination of an impressionable people. He noted that considerable noise had come from the explosion, but no stones had fallen.
The absence of an impact crater can be explained by there having been no material body to impact. An explosion caused by broadcast power would not leave a crater.

The 167-foot-high transmitter at Wardenclyffe, erected for purposes of “world telegraphy” in 1901.

AUGUST- SEPTEMBER 1995

NEXUS • 41

In contrast to the ice-comet collision theory, reports of upper atmosphere and magnetic disturbances coming from other parts of the world at the time of and just after the Tunguska event point to massive changes in the Earth’s electrical condition. Baxter and Atkins cite in their study of the explosion, The Fire Came By, that The Times of London editorialised about “slight,
but plainly marked, disturbances of…magnets”
which the writer, not knowing then of the explosion,
associated with solar prominences.2’
In Berlin, The New York Times of 3rd July
reported unusual colours in the evening skies,
thought to be the northern lights: ‘Remarkable
‘lights were observed in the northern
heavens…bright diffused white and yellow illumination
continuing through the night until it
disappears at dawn.”22
Massive glowing “silvery
clouds” covered Siberia and northern
Europe. A scientist in Holland told of an
“undulating mass’ moving across the north-west
horizon. It seemed to him not to be a cloud, but
the “sky itself seemed to undulate”. A woman
north of London wrote to the London Times that
on midnight of 1st July the sky glowed so
brightly it was possible to read large print inside
her house.
A meteorologial observer in England recounted
on the nights of 30th June and 1St July: “A strong orange yellow light became visible in the north and north-east… causing an undue prolongation of twilight lasting to daybreak on 1st July… There was a complete absence of scintillation or flickering, and no tendency for the formation of streamers, or a luminous arch, characteristic of auroral phenomena… “2

The report that most closely ties these strange cosmic happenings with Tesla’s power transmission scheme is that while the sky was aglow with this eerie light it was possible to see clearly ships at sea for miles in the middle of the night? Tesla specifically claimed this as one of the effects he could achieve with his high-
power transmitter. Of particular impor- –
tance is that none of his claims for lighting the ocean appeared before 1908.25
A typical statement about the light induced by his transmitter is this from the New York American of 7th December 1914:
“The lighting of the ocean… is only one of the less important results to be achieved by the use of this invention [the transmitter]. I have planned many of the details of a plant which might be erected at the Azores and which would be amply sufficient to illuminate the entire ocean so that such a disaster as that of the Titanic would not be repeated. The light would be soft and of very small intensity, but quite adequate to the purpose. “26
When Tesla used his high-power transmitter as a directed-energy weapon, he
drastically altered the normal electrical condition of the Earth. By making the electrical charge of the planet vibrate in tune with his transmitter, he was able to build up electric fields that affected compasses and caused the upper atmosphere to behave like the gas-filled lamps in his laboratory. He had turned the entire globe into a simple electrical component that he could control.

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42 • NEXUS

AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 1995

TESLA ELECTRICITY GENERATION
EXPERIMENT
by Anthony Hansen
Ninety-five years ago, near Colorado Springs, USA, a strange device was connected to the Earth. It was a
large electrical machine which, at its highest point, was 167 feet tall. Part of the device was 50 feet in diameter. The complete machine was kept in a wooden building specially made for it.
When the device was switched on, bolts of lightning would jump from a metallic ball 30 inches in diameter and 167 feet from the ground, straight up to the sky. A spectacular demonstration of energy, no doubt it would have impressed the people of Colorado Springs.
The man who designed and built this strange device was Nikola Tesla (1856-
• 1943). Tesla is perhaps best remembered for the AC power system which was first used at Niagara Falls and is now used in virtually every country. He is not well- known for his Colorado experiments.
According to Tesla, the device was constructed to prove his theory that electricity could be taken from the Earth—in other words, a previously unknown source of power could be extracted from the Earth and put to use. It seems that Tesla was successful but the system was never put into use, much to Tesla’s disappointment.
It appears that some experimenters did try to build these machines but apparently to no avail. Some even complained to Tesla who usually replied by saying, “Well, it is not my fault if you cannot build my machines; it just means that you are electricians of the ordinary kind.” Sometimes he answered by saying anyone who has the same ability as he, can build them. As there are very few people like Tesla, this seemed a formidable task. But after careful consideration it occurred to me that Tesla had left more than enough clues how to build this equipment, and that most of the material necessary to build one of these devices was available.
., I then decided that I would attempt to build one of these devices. Now the first
APRIL – MAY 1995

thing to do, it seemed, would be to make out a list of materials required. Copper wire and cable, condensers, step-up transformers, mechanisms for breaking or pulsing the system, insulating materials and many other things. There was also the need to decide what length of wire might be necessary to tap into the Earth. Tesla usually wound his coils to quarter wavelengths and stated that a certain length was needed to tune in. If it was shorter, the frequency would be too high and it would be impossible to draw out energy.
Having decided to use a certain length of secondary wire, I then turned to the next consideration which was the size of the secondary. As the length of wire was quite long it was obvious the secondary would be fairly large.
The next problem was capacitors. The ones I needed had to be able to take a great electrical pressure and also have a fairly large storage capacity. These proved to be quite difficult to obtain, or, if they were available, were very expensive. Tesla solved this problem by using champagne

a 1’4L 3 1

bottles. These were arranged side by side in large wooden boxes lined with sheet copper or tin. There was usually 30 to 40 bottles per box. The basic idea was to fill the bottles with a concentrated salt water solution to within a few inches of the top. The salt solution was also surrounding the bottles. When connected up, Tesla had a cheap and very strong capacitor. He also had the use of the champagne and, as he liked entertaining, there were probably quite a few bottles. This seems a wonderful use for champagne bottles. The other advantage was that if the capacitor overloaded, the bottles would burst. It could be said that this was like a fuse blowing and added safety to the system. I have seen modern capacitors blow up, sometimes with spectacular results. I would rather hear a champagne bottle pop inside a box than watch modem oil-filled ones explode.
The overall consideration was what are the basic things required to build a complete system. The list now read as follows:
1—Secondary coil (exact length to be determined)

‘p. ;1

ScIENCE;0]

TesIainhis

h Street, Nw York. (Columbia University Libraries)

NEXUS • 49

2—An elevated terminal capacity for the secondary
3—Primary coil (exact length to be determined)
4—Capacitors (size to be determined)
5—Variable induction (to tune primary)
6—Break mechanism
7—High voltage transformer to charge the capacitors
8—Electrical schematic for above
9—Special Earth connection
After listing the above, it was now time to have a go at costing. It took no time at all to get a figure of $10,000. I felt better after I realised that it was not necessary to spend $10,000 at once—for example, I could buy the copper wire for the secondary and the heavy cable for the primary.
It is worth mentioning here that, as one can see, it is easy to spend considerable amounts of money. Tesla spent huge amounts of money to build the Colorado equipment. The actual amount in 1900 US dollars was approximately US$70,000. The big question was, could tests be done with apparatus that did not cost this much, to prove or discover something? I felt the answer was yes.
CONSTRUCTION
The next step was to build the apparatus. After considerable thought I decided it may be wise to build a slightly smaller machine as a first step. With this I could get an idea of the basics, test the various circuits including capacitors, and see how well I could get one of these devices working.
The first stage was now to build the secondary coil. I was wondering what sort of form to use to wind the wire on, when it occurred to me that the large cardboard cylinders, used in high-rise buildings, etc. when pouring concrete to mould round columns, would be ideal.

I decided to use a cylinder which was 20 inches in diameter and 60 inches long. The cylinder was covered with waxed paper which I carefully peeled off. Underneath was untreated cardboard. I then applied three coats of transformer varnish. The end result was a cardboard cylinder impregnated with an insulating varnish. As the voltages can be very high, it is essential that the cardboard is well treated and cannot catch fire.
The next stage was to wind on the secondary wire. The wire size was 0.5 mm. I wound on 680 turns.
Next was the primary. The primary cable was approximately one inch in diameter and consisted of three inner cables of 9 mm diameter. The primary had three-and- a-half turns.
It was now time to connect in the capacitors. As mentioned previously, Tesla used champagne bottles. However, I decided as a first step to test out some capacitors that I had recently obtained by way of a government auction. These were in fact high- voltage capacitors from an obsolete radar system built in the UK. As I was soon to find out, these were excellent capacitors and have never given any problems.
High-Voltage Transformer
This is an essential part of the system. It charges the capacitors which are then discharged into the primary. The primary then vibrates or quivers electrically at a certain period. The vibrating primary then excites the secondary. This causes a high voltage to be produced in the secondary. The actual voltage that is produced is determined to a degree by the turns ratio, but if the apparatus is tuned correctly the voltage can be much higher. The high-voltage transformer I use has an output of about 10,000 volts.

Capacity for Secondary
The secondary will be more powerful if it has a capacitance connected to the top end. This can result in a considerable charge being stored in the capacitor, which makes for a more efficient system and a more spectacular discharge. The type of capacitor which is commonly used is a hollow copper ball which should be about the same diameter as the secondary,
Air Gap
When the capacitors are storing energy from the high-voltage transformer, the air gap—which may consist of two 25 mm stainless steel balls a certain distance apart—will be bridged by electrical discharges. The frequency of these discharges can be increased or made slower by varying the capacitance or by adjusting the spark gap.
TEST RESULTS
When the apparatus was connected up, it was possible with an input of no more than 50 volts AC to obtain discharges from the secondary terminal of 1.5 to 2 million volts plus. The apparatus can easily produce discharges which will jump a two-metre distance.
With no Earth terminal to discharge to, the secondary terminal produces a purple corona for a distance of two feet around the terminal.
The 50 volts AC which is supplied to the primary of the high-voltage transformer can rise up to 120 volts when the system is energised. I feel this is caused by a backEMF from the high-voltage coil.
The apparatus also produces ozone as a result of the high voltage discharging through the air.
The apparatus, if pushed to its limit with present adjustments, should be capable of producing at least 5 million volts and probably much more.
SUMMARY
These are considerations only—and only time will tell if energy can beextracted from the Earth.
As stated above, these are theoretical considerations, and any person who wants to use this information does so at his or her own risk as the voltages are very high. Therefore, one has to be cautious.
To be continued…
Anthony Hansen
P0 Box 1682
fowong, QId 4066, Australia

“4 ;1

NEWSC1[NC[NEWSCIENCENEWSCIENCE;0]

The letterhead of Tesla’s business stationery, showing the famous Wardenclyffe tower.

.

50 • NEXUS

APRIL – MAY 1995

The transmission of power without wires is not a theory or a mere possibility, as it appears to most people, but a fact demonstrated by me in experiments which have extended for years. Nor did the idea present itself to me all of a sudden, but was the result of a very slow and gradual development and a logical consequence
of my investigations which were earnestly undertaken in 1893 when I gave the world the
first outline of my system of broadcasting wireless energy for all purposes.
In several demonstrative lectures before scientific societies during the preceding three
years, I showed that it was not necessary to use two wires in transmitting electrical energy, but that one only might be employed equally well.
My experiments with currents of high frequencies were the first ever performed in public and elicited the keenest interest on account of the possibilities they opened up, and the striking character of the phenomena. Few of the experts familiar with the up-to-date appliances will appreciate the difficulty of my task with the elementary devices I had then at command, as accurate adjustments for resonance had to be made in every experiment.
The transmission of energy through a single conductor without return having been
found practicable, it occurred to me that possibly even that one wire might be dispensed
with and the Earth used to convey the energy from the transmitter to the receiver.
HIGH FREQUENCY DYNAMO AND “TESLA COIL”

Manifestly, currents such as were ordinarily employed in the arts and industries were unsuitable, and I had to devise special generators and transformers for furnishing impulses
of the requisite quality.
First I perfected high frequency dynamos which were of two types: one with a direct current field excitation, and the other in which the magnet was energised by alternating currents of different phase, producing a rotating magnetic field. Both of these have found employment in connection with my broadcasting wireless system. In the first machine I exhibited, an efficiency of ninety per cent was attained, but it was necessary to run it in hydrogen or rarefied air to minimise the otherwise prohibitive windage loss and deafening noise.
In order to overcome the inherent limitations of such machines, I next concentrated my efforts on the perfection of a peculiar transformer consisting of several tuned circuits in inductive relation which received the primary energy from oscillatory discharges of condensers. This apparatus, originally identified with my name and considered by the leading scientific men my best achievement, is now used in every wireless transmitter and receiver throughout the world. It has enabled me to obtain currents of any desired frtquency, electromotive force and volume, and to produce a great variety of electrical, chemical, thermal, light and other effects: Roentgen, cathodic and other rays of rraxscending intenskies. I have employed it in my investigations of the constitution of matter and radioactivity, published from 1896 to 1898 in the Electrical Review in which it was demonstrated, prior to the discovery of radium by Mme Sklodowska and Pierre Curie, that radioactivity is a common property of matter and that such bodies emit small particles of various sizes and great velocities, a view which was received with incredulity but fmally recognised as true. It has been put to innumerable uses and proved in the hands of others a veritable lamp of Aladdin.
As I think of my earliest coils which were nothing more than scientific toys, the subsequent development appears to me like a dream.

“World System” of Wireless
Transmission of Energy ;1

Dr Nikola Tesla was once one of the
most famous people on the planet.
Today he is written out of our scientific and educational textbooks.
What did he
discover that
caused his fall from
grace?;0]

Onginally published in
Telegraph and Telephone Age
Borderlands,
vol L, no I

AUGUST SEPTEMBER 1994

NEXUS 45

)._J’-
THE ‘MAGNIFYING TRANSMI1TER” AND EARTH
RESONANCE
While I was perfectly convinced from the outset that success
would ultimately be achieved, it was not until by slow improvement
I evolved the so-called “Magnifying Transmitter that I
obtained convincing evidence of the feasibility of wireless power
transmission on a vast scale for all industrial purposes.
The chief discovery, which satisfied me thoroughly as to the
practicability of my pian, was made in 1899 at Colorado Springs
where I carried on tests with a generator of fifteen hundred watt
capacity, and ascertained that under certain conditions the current
was capable of passing across the entire globe and returning from
the antipodes to its origin with undiminished strength. It was a
result so unbelievable that the revelation at first almost stunned
me. I saw in a flash that by properly organised apparatus at sending
and receiving stations, power virtually in unlimited amounts
could be conveyed through the Earth at any distance, limited only
by the physical dimensions of the globe, with an efficiency as high
as ninety-nine and one-half per cent.
The mode of propagation of the currents from my transmitter
through the terrestrial globe is most extraordinary considering the
spread of the electrification of the surface. The wave starts with a greater quantity. theoretically infinite speed, _________________________________________________ slowing down first very quickly
and afterward at a lesser rate
until the distance is about six
thousand miles, when it pro- More than twenty-five years ago,
flight, my efforts to transmit large
in speed, slowly at first, and then amounts of power through the
aiat atmosphere resulted
in the
infinite velocity. The law of development of an invention of
great promise, which has since
trial surface sweep in equal been called the “Death Ray”…
intervals of time over equal
areas, but it must be understood
that the current penetrated deep __________________________________________ into the Earth and the effects
produced on the receivers are the same as if the whole flow was
confined to the Earth’s axis joining the transmitter with the
antipode. The mean surface speed is thus about 471,200 kilometres
per second—fifty-seven per cent greater than that of the so-
called Hertz waves—which should propagate with the velocity of
light if they exist. The same constant was found by the noted
American astronomer, Capt. J. T. T. See, in his mathematical
investigations, for the smallest particles of the ether which he fittingly
designates as “etherons”. But while in the light of his theory
this speed is a physical reality, the spread of the currents at the
terrestrial surface is much like the passage of the moon’s shadow
over the globe.
It will be difficult for most people engaged in practical pursuits
to measure or even to form an adequate conception of the intensity
of inspiration and force I derive from that part of my work which
has passed into history. I have every reason to consider myself
one of the most fortunate men, for I experience incessantly a feeling
of inexpressible satisfaction that my alternating system is universally
employed in the transmission and distribution of heat,
light and power and that also my wireless system, in all its essential
features, is used throughout the world for conveying intelligence.
But my pioneer efforts in the latter field are still grossly
misunderstood.

SHORT-WAVE BROADCASTING AND “BEAM”
TRANSMISSION
Nothing illustrated this better than the recent demonstrations of a number of experts with very short waves, which have created the impression that power will be eventually transmitted by such means. In reality, experiments of this kind are the very denial of the possibility of economic transmission of energy. I have investigated this special subject experimentally during a great number of years, using sometimes waves as short as one millimetre, and have found even these unsuitable for such a purpose, not to say that their production if inseparable from great waste.
In order to secure good results by this method, it would be necessary to employ radiations of a wavelength incomparably smaller than the dimensions of the reflector, as radiant heat, light, infrared or ultraviolet rays. Notwithstanding my repeated explanations, experts do not seem to realise that no concentration of energy such as I attain in my wireless power system can or will ever be achieved through the instrumentality of reflectors, for in transmitting energy in this manner the receiver can collect only an amount proportionate to the area exposed to the rays, while in my system it draws the energy from an immense reservoir in ever so much
Similar considerations apply to directional transmission by short reflected waves or “beams”. If we could produce economically electric vibrations of a frequency approximating that of radiant heat waves, efficient reflectors without appreciable dispersion, and prevent absorption, then such a mode of transmitting energy might become of great importance. But attempts to accomplish this purpose with relatively low frequencies are sure to
prove futile. More than twenty-five years \ ago, my efforts to transmit large amounts
of power through the atmosphere resulted in the development of an invention of great promise, which has since been called the “Death Ray”, and attributed to
Dr Grindell Mathews, an ingenious and skilful English electrician. The underlying idea was to render the air conducting by suitable ionising radiations and to convey high tension currents along the path of the rays. Experiments, conducted on a large scale, showed that with pressures of many millions of volts, virtually unlimited quantities of energy can be projected to a small distance as a few hundred feet, which might be satisfactory if the process were more economical and the apparatus less expensive. Since that time, I have made important improvements and discovered a new principle which can be successfully applied without difficulty for various purposes in peace and war.
If I have understood the reports correctly, in the “beam transmission” with waves a few metres length, an oscillating circuit, consisting of a straight vertical conductor, is placed in the focal line of a parabolic surface, on which are placed many secondary straight wires parallel to the primary conductor. Now this disposition is entirely faulty and to all evidence inefficient, as the secondary system does not operate in the manner of a parabolic reflector but merely produces a confused echo. The correct arrangement would require primary and secondary conductors situated in two vertical parallel planes separated by a distance equal to one quarter of the wavelength. But even in this best form, such a transmitter can only be of doubtful practical value, The two wave trains behind the reflecting, or rather echoing, system do not

I

46. NEXUS

AUGUST SEPTEMBER 1994

completely neutralise and there is considerable lateral dissipation. The energy of the primary system diminishes with the square of their distance, and this being also true of the secondary, the useful waves from the latter will suffer diminution of energy in proportion to the fourth power of their length. This means that only a very short wave can be used which, moreover, is unchangeable and difficult to regulate.
One must be shortsighted not to perceive that better results will be obtained if the capital is all invested in a single directional system of proper design for the power available increases much more rapidly than the cost of the plant. Assuming even that the beam arrangement works with ideal perfection, it must still be inferior, since the requisite radiant energy is producible at smaller expense with the single system, which has
the further advantages that it can
be adapted to any wavelength, is
greatly effective in two directions
and therefore of greater earning
capacity. So palpably unsound is
this scheme that I am at a loss to
understand how it could pass the
scrutiny of competent experts such
as Dr W. L. Austin and John
Stone.

THE “WORLD SYSTEM”

Since I began the construction of
the first power plant in 1899, I
have expressed myself repeatedly
in regard to it and the plans I had
previously formed through the
. medium of The Electrical Review,
Electrical World, Electrical
Experimenter, Science and
Invention
and other periodicals,
notable The Century Magazine of
June 1900, to which I contributed a
lengthy article on the “Problem of
Increasing Human Energy”; but
certain facts must still be told. In
the first place, the fundamental difference
between the broadcasting
system as now produced and the
one I expect to inaugurate, is that
at present the transmitter emits
energy in all directions which, in
the system I have devised, only
force is conveyed to all points of
the Earth, the energy itself travelling
in definite paths determined
beforehand. Perhaps the most wonderful feature is that the energy travels chiefly along an orthodromic line, that is, the shortest distance between two points at the surface of the globe, and reaches the receiver without the slightest dispersion, so that an incomparably greater amount is collected than is possible by radiations. I have thus provided a perfect means for transmitting power in any desired direction far more economically and without any such qualitative and qttantitative limitations as the use of reflectors would necessarily involve.
Another distinction is that my system is based entirely on resonance, while in present practice reliance is placed chiefly on
. amplification by auxiliary devices generally consisting of various forms of vacuum tubes which have been brought to remarkable

perfection. The foundation to their use was laid by Sir William Crookes, who discovered in 1876 that a highly heated conductor emits electrified particles. In 1882 a young French electrician, Vissière by name, observed that a current issues from the filament of an incandescent lamp, and made careful measurements with specially prepared bulbs, some of which I had opportunity to witness in Ivry-sur-Seine, a suburb of Paris, at the time. But these phenomena found no application in the art until, in 1892, I produced a vacuum tube detector superior in sensitiveness to any other form of which I have knowledge. Amazing progress has been since then achieved, but the employment of the modem vacuum detectors and amplifiers is an impediment to advance in the right direction and most of the troubles experienced in broadcasting are due to this cause. Until quite recently the transmitted waves were lacking in uniformity of length, rendering accurate attunement impossible. This defect has been in a measure remedied by control through quartz crystals, and now, for the first time, it is practicable to carry out important refinements for bettering the service.
The electromechanical process of producing isochronous oscillations is one of my earliest inventions and I have applied it in many ways with great success. Its application to the operation of existing plants secures important advantages, but in spite of this and other improvements, a change in the present apparatus and method of broadcasting is becoming daily more imperative, and for this reason I am anxious to resume the introduction of my “World System” with novel transmitters of great effectiveness and receivers of elementary simplicity. In my apparatus the isochronism is so perfect and attunement sharp to such a degree that in the transmission of speech, pictures or similar operations, the frequency or wavelength is varied only through a minute range which need not be more than one hundredth of one per cent if desired. Statics and all other interferences are completely eliminated and the service is unaffected by weather, seasonal or diurnal changes of any kind. The system lends itself particuiarly to World Wireless Telephony and Telegraphy, as the current from the transmitter can be kept virtually constant and the control effected by a simple microphone without the elaborate means now employed. Any reasonable number of simultaneous and non-interfering messages is practicable and a speed of many thousands of words per minute can be attained in telegraphic transmission. The same principles are also applicable to operation through wires and cables. In 1903 I proposed to the Western Union and Postal Telegraph companies such multiplex transmission for their lines

AUGUST SEPTEMBER 1994

NEXUS.47

but received no encouragement, mainly because the volume of business did not call for a great increase of working capacity. At a later date my improvements were introduced as “Wired Wireless”, a quite inappropriate name inasmuch as the waves radiated from the wire are completely lost and of no effect on the receiver.
My plans for a power plant have been developed to the point of application, but I am still unable to say when I shall begin active work. There are no such difficulties in the way as confronted me from the outset, for at that time I was alone; now many are convinced that my undertaking is rational and practical. Needless to say that I am using every effort to give to the world my best and most important work as soon as possible and free of all blemish and flaw. I have in view a number of places which seem well suited for the purpose, but my warmest wish is to transmit power from Niagara Falls, where the first thumph with my alternating system was achieved.
One of the most important uses of wireless energy will be undoubtedly for the propulsion of flying machines to which power can be readily supplied without ground connection, for although the flow of the currents is confmed to the Earth, an electromagnetic field is created in the atmosphere surrounding it. If conductors or circuits accurately attuned and properly positioned are carried by the plane, energy is drawn into these circuits much the same as a fluid will pass through a hole created in the container. With an industrial plant of great capacity, sufficient power can be derived in this maimer to propel any kind of aerial machine. This I always considered as the best and permanent solution of the problems of flight. No fuel of any kind will be required as the propulsion will be accomplished by light electric motors operated at great speed. Nevertheless, anticipating slow progress, I am developing a novel type of flying machine which seems to be well suited for meeting the present necessity of a safe, small and compact “aerial ffivver” canable of rising and descending vertically. ;1

MISSING TIME INVESTIGATIONS;0]

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Television, as conceived by me in 1893, will be another valuable and timely application. At that time I advanced the idea that the formation of a clear mental image of external objects is accompanied by a reflex action on the retina, making it possible to read thought and even to project the images conceived on a screen and render them visible to an audience. This would be of inestimable consequence on all human relations, but the idea cannot be realised until some way is found to lay bare the retina. Continued reflections on this subject led me to evolve apparatus for transmitting instantaneously true vision without any moving devices, and in 1900 I had already solved three of the problems which confronted me, namely: to individualise and isolate a very great number of channels or “nerves”; to convey to the receiving apparatus energy in sufficient amount; and to make the vision of the moving images independent of distance. Eventually also I hope to overcome the shortcomings of the selenium cell by a different device.
I am most interested, however, in the perfection of broadcasting which is now carried on with unfit apparatus and on a commercially defective plan. The transmitters have to be greatly improved and the receivers simplified; and in the distribution of wireless energy for all purposes, the precedent established by the telegraph, telephone and power companies must be followed, for while the means are different, the service is of the same character. Technical invention is akin to architecture, and the experts must in time come to the same conclusions I have reached long ago. Sooner or later my power system wifi have to be adopted in its entirety, and so far as I am concerned it is as good as done. If I were ever assailed by doubt of ultimate success, I would dismiss it by remembering the words of that great philosopher Lord Kelvin who, after witnessing some of my experiments, said to me with tears in his eyes: “I am sure you will do it.”

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48. NEXUS

AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 1994

• HARNESSING THE
UNIVERSAL COSMIC ENERGY
TESLA’S INSIGHTS ON RADIANT ENERGY AND HOW TO TAP IT
Ere many generations pass, our machinery will be driven by a power obtainable at any point of the universe. This idea is not novel. Men have been led to it long ago by instinct or reason. It has been expressed in many ways and in many places in the history of old and new. We find it in the delightful myth of Antheus, who derives power from the Earth; we find it among the subtle speculations of one of your splendid mathematicians and in many hints and statements of thinkers of the present time.
Throughout space there is energy. Is this energy static or kinetic? If static, our hopes are in vain; if kinetic—and this we know it is, for certain—then it is a mere question of time when men will succeed in attaching their machinery to the very wheelwork of nature.
This statement was made by Dr Nikola Tesla (1856—1943) during the delivery of his lecture to the Institute of Electrical Engineers in London in 1892. This profound insight came not long after he had given an extensive description of what he referred to as cosmic rays—a phenomenon that was not officially discovered
until some 30 years later.
It is well known that Tesla intended to transmit electrical energy through the Earth so that it could be tapped as free energy from any point on the globe. However, the great scientist had a dream of tapping into an energy source that has been present since the birth of the universe, an energy that permeates all space and time. Although he was sure that the energy existed and could be tapped, he was not entirely sure how this could be done. Nevertheless, in the same lecture, Tesla went on to say that a device for tapping this sea of energy had already been discovered. He said:
Of all, living or dead, Crookes came nearest to doing it. His radiometer will turn in the light of day and in the darkness of night; it will turn everywhere where there is heat, and heat is everywhere.
The radiometer is a simple instrument that clearly demonstrates that light has momen tum and that this momentum can be imparted onto macroscopic matter to render it as use fu energy. The instrument consists of four vanes mounted on a pinpoint vertical support.
Each vane is coated on one side with black paint, while the other side is silvered. The
whole assembly is then encapsulated in an evacuated glass bulb. When light falls upon
________________________________________ this device, the vanes turn rapidly, thus converting radiant energy into mechanical energy.
______________________________________ The secret to its operation is quite simple, yet it is the first device to harness this primal energy.
Light can be described as corpuscular in nature; specifically, it can be thought of as being composed of particles, namely photons. This means that a ray of light can be described as a beam of particles or photons, and like any other particle they carry momentum. How this momentum is transferred to any matter in its path depends on the target matter.
In the case of the radiometer, the atoms of the black paint, which coats one side of the vanes, absorb the light particles; while on the other side of the vanes, where there is a silver coating, the photons simply reflect, imparting some of their momentum or energy onto that surface of the vanes. This imbalance of forces—that is, the absorption on one side and reflection on the other—results in rotatio.al motion: a radiant energy motor.
www.nexusmagazine.com NEXUS New Times • 35 ;1

Realising that we exist in a boundless
sea of cosmic
energy, scientists like Crookes, Tesla
and Moray
experimen ted with devices that would
tap this primal
source.
Part 1 of2;0]

by Gavin Dingley © 2001
Sunrnngdale
Manningford Bruce
Near Pewsey, Wiltshire 5N9 6JL
United l<ingdom
Telephone +44 (0)1672 562808
Email
gavin dingley@tesla research ukf net
Website www tesla-research ukf net
SEPTEMBER — OCTOBER 2001

.,

ing mechanism and the load that is to
be powered. The switching mecha-,
nism periodically discharges the
capacitors energy into the load, turning
the radiant energy into usable DC
electricity.
It is not known if Tesla ever tested
this invention, although he does allude
to the fact that it had been tested in
principle. It is more likely that he
developed it along the lines of his par- —
tide beam device or death ray.
Specifically, he had developed a means of transmitting electrical energy via a particle beam; this was probably the energy receiver he was intending to use. This application of the radiant energy receiver is clearly cited in his patent, which explores the use of both ionising radiation, such as ultraviolet and X-rays, and particle beams, referred to as Lenard rays.
To employ this apparatus to utilise naturally occurring radiant energy would require an elevated metal plate of such a large surface area as to render it impractical. The principle behind Tesla’s radiant energy receiver is well founded, as most people who own a car will have felt the effect. On a hot summer’s day, most at some point will have received an electrostatic shock when they open the car door. This is because naturally occurring radiant energy accumulates an electrical charge on the large surface area of the car body. This charge does not leak away, as the car body is well insulated from the ground by the insulating tyres. It is only when an earthed object, such as an unsuspecting driver, approaches it that the charge instantaneously discharges to ground, hence the shock.
FORMS OF RADIANT ENERGY
At this point it may be worth explaining exactly what radiant energy is and how it is naturally generated. Basically, radiant energy can come in one of two different forms: electromagnetic waves or streams of high-velocity particles. In practice, it is only electromagnetic waves in the ultraviolet band and higher, or electrically charged particles such as ions, protons, electrons and some of the other more exotic members of the quantum zoo.

A ray of radiant energy can make many transitions as it passes through space and interacts with ambient matter. Atoms, the building blocks of physical matter, are composed of a positively charged nucleus surrounded by negatively charged electrons. Normally there are enough electrons to balance out the positive charge of the nucleus, thus forming an electrically neutral atom. If, however, an electron is removed from the atom, then an imbalance of electrical charge will be created, making the atom positively charged; the atom is now an ion. If this occurs throughout the majority of atoms in a gas, then the gas becomes what is known as plasma.
Any mechanism that removes electrons from their parent atoms can cause the ionisation of matter. This is a characteristic of all usable radiant energy. High-velocity particles can impart some of their momentum onto the orbiting electrons of atoms; this tends to give the electrons enough energy to break away from their parent nuclei.

However, Tesla went on to say that the radiometer, although important in its concept, was perhaps one of the most inefficient energy converters ever invented. Crookes’s radiometer relied on the mechanical interaction between light particles and matter. Tesla had discovered through his own work with radiant energy lamps that there was a subtler link between matter and light which would prove more efficient; this link was electricity.
The link between the electrical force and light had been theorised by Maxwell, while such scientists as Crookes and Lord Kelvin had extensively investigated the electrical nature of matter. Tesla now intended to bring these two together to form a simple yet useful technology.
US patents nos. 685,957 and 685,958 describe Tesla’s apparatus for receiving radiant energy from the natural medium. A capacitor is connected to earth via a metal conductor inserted into the ground. The other terminal of the capacitor is connected to a metal plate of large surface area and raised high off the ground. While the plate is continuously being
bombarded by radiant energy, it
becomes electrically charged. This
charge is then stored in the capacitor
as it tries to find a path to ground.
Across the capacitor there is a switch-

The link between the electrical force and light had been theorised by Maxwell, while such scientists as Crookes and Lord Kelvin had extensively investigated the electrical nature of matter.

Among the most common interactions are those involving light particles, or photons. When a photon enters an atom, it imparts some of its energy onto an orbiting electron. If the energy is comparatively small, then the electron will simply jump to a higher orbit but still remain coupled to the nucleus. After a small period of time, the electron will return to its original orbit by emitting a photon to dispose of the excess energy. This is the mechanism behind the operation of a laser.
Electromagnetic waves or photons can only cause the ionisation of matter at wavelengths much shorter than those of visible light. It is only pho ton

in the ultraviolet band and higher that have enough energy to cause electrons to be liberated from their parent nuclei. This effect is known as the photoelectric effect, where a metal conductor manages to gain and lose charge when exposed to electromagnetic radiation. Its theoretical explanation won Albert Einstein the Nobel Prize several years later, yet Tesla had already utilised the effect as described. At wavelengths in the X-ray and gamma ray bands, the photons have enough energy to cause the multiple ionisation of atoms as they pass through matter; it is this that makes them so dangerous. Higher still in the electromagnetic spectrum there are wavelengths that are even more energetic, holding such a quantum punch that they are able to cause the complete breakdown of atomic structure. These are known as cosmic rays.
If the energy imparted onto an electron is great enough, the electron may not only break away from the nucleus but also have sufficient energy to cause the ionisation of another atom. This is known as secondary emission, and it plays a major role 4n most plasma formations. As electrons and other charged particles can be accelerated by electric fields, it is possible to cause the liberation of electrons, or ionisation, through electricity. This can be done in one of two ways: either an intense electric field is made to pass through the matter to be ionised; or a charged particle stream is accelerated to high velocities, via an electric field, before being made to strike the target matter. The latter process is the basis of Teslas death ray and other particle beam weapons.
Teslas radiant energy receiver, as described above, was designed specifically to intercept high-energy particles from outer

36 • NEXUS New Times

www.nexusmagazine.com

SEPTEMBER — OCTOBER 2001

It is these rays that appear in the night,
and which Tesla wanted to harness through his free energy receiver. However, it was to be another pioneering individual who would find the true secret behind the harnessing of this cosmic energy: Dr Thomas Henry Moray (1892—1 972).
MORAY’S RADIANT ENERGY RECEIVER
The story of T. Henry Moray is one of deceit and suppression, but also of a marvellous discovery that remains a secret to this day. Moray was born, raised and lived most of his life in the vicinity of Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Born into a Mormon family, his mother Swedish and his father Irish, he grew up learning the ways of the Latter Day Saints.
From an early age he was interested in all things electrical, and he hoped to steer his future career in this direction. However, his mother did not agree with his ambitions and preferred him to take up a profession in the world of business, So when he left school, he enrolled in a business course held at the old Latter Day Saints College. At the same time, he managed to study electrical engineering to some extent by correspondence. Armed with his qualifications in business and basic electrical engineering, Henry Moray bought with some of the family’s remaining money a share in the Independent Electrical Company. Initially it looked a good deal in which he had a controlling position, but due to the dishon esty of others the deal collapsed and all the money was lost.
In 1912, Moray was sent to Sweden to do missionary work on behalf of the Latter Day Saints. While there, he was able to corn-

plete a doctorate in electrical engineering, through examination, at the University of Uppsala. After returning from Sweden in 1914, Moray managed to secure several engineering positions, and during this time he married Ella Ryser. However, while working on a special project involving interference on telephone lines, Moray had a serious accident that greatly impaired his vision. Without compensation from the company involved, and being partially incapacitated, Moray had financial difficulties in the years following 1921. He eventually found a talent in chicken farming around 1923, a business that he found very lucrative as he specialised in rare breeds of poultry. This situation allowed him more time to developing his radiant energy apparatus.
M6ray started his investigations into radiant energy in his early adult life, and carried on developing the technology up until his last remaining years. He faced much suppression and deceit while he tried giving his invention to the world. Around 1929 he started to demonstrate his device publicly to individuals from scientific and commercial backgrounds. The device in question as only a seed of what he was later to develop, yet right away he faced opposition. The individuals concerned either wanted the radiant energy technology or wanted to stop its development; either way, they made Moray’s life very difficult. There were
some who honestly wanted to help him
in his goal, but most of them were frightened off in one way or another. His workshop and home were often broken into, and on one occasion his equipment was destroyed. Both he and his family received threatening phone calls and later were even shot at. In the end, Moray was forced to have his car fitted with bulletproof glass and to carry a pistol.
Moray gave thorough demonstrations, showing the assembled engineers, scientists and industrialists the inside of the radiant energy device in its entirety. He also showed them diagrams and allowed them to suggest any particular experiment to prove the authenticity of what he was presenting. Most went away amazed, proclaiming that Moray had discovered something unique and of great importance.
He was promised many contracts to help develop the technology further (including one from NASA in 1961), but they always seemed to fall through because of intervention from a third party. On one occasion he was offered help from the Russian Government, but for some strange reason he found himself meeting the representative in the main Washington office of General Electric. This sort of thing happened quite often: industrialists giving Moray the run-around with cloak-and-dagger tactics.
There is no doubt that the radiant energy device worked. The testimony of various individuals who observed it first hand, as well as the drastic actions carried out against Mory, are proof enough to encourage one to investigate the technology further.
The actual device appears to be as strange and elusive in detail as the science upon which it was developed. ‘Moray’s discovery was by no means a product of accident but, instead, of a search for what he felt intuitively existed: a limitless source of energy coming from or to the planet. It certainly was not the first, nor would it be the last, but Moray’s work stands as a milestone in the search for free energy.
Originally Moray felt that this energy came directly from the Earth and that it could be tapped from the ground. So his first

space; the connection to earth gave the capacitor the necessary
electronegative charge. To derive energy from ionising electromagnetic
radiation (i.e., employing the photoelectric effect), this
. requires an electropositive charge from an artificial source such as
a battery. Even though a battery is used, it never discharges, and
so the apparatus remains a free energy device.
Tesla cited the Sun as the main source of radiant energy to be
received by his free energy apparatus; however, he did not think it
was the only source, for he stated that the apparatus operated as
well at night as it did during the day. The Sun is no less than a
giant hydrogen bomb whose instantaneous detonation is taking 10
billion years. This mass of nuclear fire emits a vast sea of
charged particles and ionising radiation, from ultraviolet through
to high-energy cosmic rays.
However, in the depths of the universe there are other processes
taking place that produce radiant energy of such great magnitude
that they simply bullet through the planet. Collapsing stars perhaps
make up for the greater part of this energy; burning their last
few billion tonnes of fuel, they collapse, emitting vast amounts of
radiant energy. The inverse square law prevents us from being
destroyed by the intensity of this radiation, but the individual particles
still reach us. They literally pass through the Earth, ionising
any atom that stands in their path; in
fact, in most cases the atoms are completely
obliterated.
A single photon of cosmic radiation
across the vast strutcs of Tesla cited the Sun as the ing a massive burst of high-energy, main source of radiant energy charged particles. Megawatts of elec- t b r v d b” hi trical power are poured into particle “ ‘ ‘ 1 7
accelerators to try to witness this sort free energy apparatus .. . of energy in an instant, but this is nothing
compared to the energy received
from massive bodies collapsing several
hundred light years away.

SEPTEMBER — OCTOBER 2001

www.nexusmagazine.com

NEXUS New Times • 37

insights developed from a simple set-up: namely, a long wire aerial and a stake in the ground. With this, he was able to listen into the subtle pulsations of the Earth. However, this was nowhere near his dream of tapping into a sea of energy.
Initially he thought that the energy he was listening to was electrostatic—a product of the Earths movement of charge between the ground and the atmosphere, a flow of charge equal to 1,800 amperes. However, Moray soon came to the conclusion that the energy was oscillatory and not electrostatic in nature. Not only this, but he discovered that the energy was not coming from the Earth but to it, for it was cosmic in origin.

Moray often referred to certain components
of the radiant energy device as valves. This was because
he felt that his device did not capture energy but, rather, acted as a pump. It would be like saying that a water pump redirects the flow of water, while a bucket captures it. Morays device merely redirected the flow of energy through a load so that it could be made use of; after that it would return to where it originated. Specifically there is a continuous flow of energy between the planet and the rest of the cosmos, and Moray only wanted to dip his ‘water wheel’ into this massive torrent of flowing energy—the primary principle behind the radiant energy receiver. So, like a water pump, the apparatus required valves to open and close in the process of redirecting this flow; the detector valve was such a component.
In another notebook entry, dated 13 November 1913, he wrote:
…time early this morning to test the stone again. Hard to buy any wire and stuff to make coils. Used cardboard tube to work on. Batteries of no help in priming. Got hard rubber Widstens from Wilsons, and bought some silk and pure wool cloth to use as static generator. Got some red sealing wax and tried to make a vacuum tube, but no luck. Silver wire used on stone makes a rectifier.
From this one entry it is possible to glean a lot of information regarding what was to become Moray’s greatest secret. The “Swedish Stone” was the very heart of the radiant energy device and constituted the simplest free energy device in its own right.
In a traditional galena detector, the crystal is held in place by a conducting mount. The other connection to the crystal is made

via a silver wire (known as a “cat’s whisker”). This silver wire is then slowly moved over the crystal surface in search of a single point where rectification will occur.
Another comment noted is that a battery was of no use in priming the stone; also, there is mention of a static generator. Some crystals (like silicon carbide) required a small voltage across them, typically up to 3 volts, to enable them to operate correctly as detectors; this voltage was often supplied by a battery. In later years when Moray gave demonstrations of his device, he would often have to “prime” the apparatus with an electrostatic generator. It appears, then, that a high voltage had to be applied to the stone to make it operate. As a battery was ineffective in doing this, yet a static generator was ideal, this leads one to conclude that a high-voltage, low-current source was required in the process of priming.
Most crystal sets have the ability to receive radio broadcasts without the need of an external power source—unlike modern radio receivers which require a battery. However, with a crystal set you must use high-impedance headphones to listen in to radio stations, as the amount of energy received is extremely small and
there is certainly not enough power to
drive a loudspeaker. When Moray constructed his own crystal set using the Swedish Stone as a detector, not only was he able to drive a loudspeaker directly but with some further modifications he could draw enough energy to power a miniature arc lamp.
Also mentioned was the need of a vacuum, a requirement not usually associated with ordinary galena crystal detectors. The electrical current that was generated by Moray’s device was of high frequency and high potential. Such currents are known for their characteristic corona discharge around an open terminal. This form of electrical discharge is considered a loss and best stopped. One of the best ways of reducing this effect is by removing the air from around the terminal, i.e., contain it within an evacuated chamber. In the case of Moray’s Swedish Stone detector, the point contact formed by the silver wire and the surface of the stone may have had a substantial amount of corona discharge, in the way of a small violet glow around the wire. This is probably the reason why the crystal detector was held within an evacuated tube.
While galena detectors are placed in series with a tuned parallel LC (coil-capacitor) circuit and high-impedance headphones, the Swedish Stone detector was often connected in parallel. From an electrical point of view, this is unusual. The parallel LC circuit is tuned into the frequency of the radiowaves to be received, and the galena crystal then simply blocks this current on one of its ?eversals. This is rectfi cation, the principle behind a normal crystal set. In the case of Moray’s apparatus, the Swedish Stone appears to do more than simply rectify the radiofrequency energy, considering its place in the circuit. Moray may again be able to shed some light on this. In his book, The Sea of Energy in which the Earth Floats, Moray makes the following statement:
The electric motor and generator would never have been discovered if a dielectric (insulation) had not been discovered. If one discovers a dielectric valve for the energy of the universe and a means of making this device ;1

Continued on page 75;0]

38 • NEXUS New Times

www.nexusmagazine.com

SEPTEMBER — OCTOBER 2001

The Swedish Stone Circuit
This new direction led to investigations that were based upon
the principles of the crystal set, one of the earliest forms of radio
receiver. In these bygone radio sets, a piece of crystal, usially
galena (lead sulphide ore), was used to turn the RF energy into
audio-frequency electrical currents; that is, they extracted the
broadcast from the radiowave. Moray focused his attention on the
crystal component of his apparatus. He searched for the best crystal
to be used as the detector in his modified
crystal set.
It was not until he was sent on a mission
to Sweden by his Mormon brethren
that he finally found what he was look- Not only this, but he [Moray] ing for. In his notebook, in an entry discovered that the energy dated 1 November 1913, Moray wrote:
…obtained material from a rail- was not coming from the Earth road car at Abisco, Sweden, the but to it, for it was cosmic
previous summer and material .
from the side of a hill … this soft, in origin.
white stone-like substance might
make a good valve detector.

a
.

-I

Continued from page 38;0]

oscillate with the oscillating energy of the universe, one has the answer to harnessing the energy of the universe.

Now, the Swedish Stone appears to be more a dielectric than a rectifier; this explains the position of this detector in the Moray crystal set receiver. It is a well known fact that detector crystals, such as galena, possess an electrical capacity from lnFto lO0pF.
Meanwhile, the modern semiconductor diodes that are used today instead of crystals have very little capacitance or none at all. A coil and capacitor form the resonating part of the circuit; altering the value of either will cause a shifting in the frequency of resonance. This is a fundamental principle in radio design. Resonance occurs
because of the time it takes for the coil and capacitor to store and release energy. In the case of the coil, energy is stored in a magnetic field, while in a capacitor it is stored by the polarisation of molecules in its dielectric. The Swedish Stone forms part of the tuned circuit capacitor, and so

fulfils the requirement stated by Moray above: a dielectric oscillating with the oscillations of the universe.
The discovery that certain rocks possess the ability to receive cosmic radiation is very reminiscent of the discoveries made by Thomas Townsend Brown. Brown had discovered that the electrical resistance of high-K dielectrics would alter with the movement of astronomical bodies, such as the Moon. With further research he found that these same materials had radio-frequency electrical impulses appear across them. Finally he.discovered that naturally formed rocks were able to rectify and accumulate these electrical impulses. For instance, basaltic rocks and granites developed voltages of around 700 mV when he measured them. Brown had always suggested that the energy received by the rocks was gravitational in nature; however, he had always entertained the idea that it might be some other form of energy. Either way, he referred to it as cosmic radiation—the same name given by Moray.
References
• Tesla’s Experiments with Alternate Currents of High Potential and High Frequency, Lindsay

Publications, Inc., Illinois, USA, 1986 (ISBN 0- 917914-39-2). From a Tesla lecture postscript in London in the 1890s; first published in 1904 by McGraw, New York.
US Patent No. 685,957, “Apparatus for the Utilization of Radiant Energy’, and US Patent No. 685,958, “Method of Utilizing Radiant Energy”. See www.keelynet.com/teslal.
• John E. Moray, The Sea of Energy, Cosray Research Institute, Inc., 1978, 5th ed. T. Henry Moray’s book, The Sea of Energy in which the Earth Floats, is now chapter 7 of John E. Moray’s book, The Sea of Energy.
• Elmer G. Osterhoudt, “Crystal Detectors’, Modern Radio Laboratories, 1938, 1954 (2nd pdition). See website www.modernradiolabs.com.
• T. T. Brown, “Anomalous Diurnal and Secular Variations in the Self-Potential of Certain Rocks”, March 22, 1975, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA; see www.soteria.com)brownldocs/epetro/secular.htm.
About the Author:
Gavin Dingley has spent several years researching forgotten scientific discoveries and inventions, principally those in the field of electromagnetism and related subtle energies. His main goal is to reproduce many of these discoveries and devices, specifically those relating to Earth energies. Gavin’s article, “ParaSETI: ET Contact via Subtle Energies, appeared in NEXUS 8/01.
Continued next issue…

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Featured Speakers Include:
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Continued from page 49;0]

important. In Central Asia, people built cities as they did in Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley. But in the areas of Europe, farming took much longer to get there. The farming that finally entered into Europe after Central Asia, thousands of years and after the Indus Valley, represents a different type of culture.
LMH: Where does your work go from here? What’s next?
Prof. Hiebert: We’re very excited about discovering the stamp seal at our site dated to 2300 BC. We’re certainly going to go back and look for more evidence of literacy and administration of trade from this time period. We hope to dig deeper to find out how [far down] this particular civilisation and site goes in this area. We haven’t reached the bottom yet. We’re still digging down. We really look forward tc going back for a couple more seasons at this particular site. Then we hope to expand our research into looking at the ancient trade routes in the area.
LMH: How deep are you down?
Prof. Iliebert: We have a site that is about 35 feet [10.7 m] above the present

surface and we’ve dug down about 15 feet [4.6 m] below the present surface. And we’re still going down! What that means is that the ancient surface has risen through time. There’ve been deposits that have come from the mountains; silt and dirt have been deposited around this archaeological site, raising the surface through time. So we don’t know how much further we have to go down. And it’s very exciting that it’s continuing to reveal old;r and older strata to investigate. That’s one of the joys of archaeology. You can never predict what you are going to find. Every season there are new surprises.
Interviewer’s Notes:
Dr Hiebert and the geological team plan to return to the Anau site for a month in June 2001 to core down through the archaeological dig to see how much further it is to natural geological strata. They are planningan excavation trip for September 2001 or June 2002.
A book about Dr Hiebert’s work (Origins
of the Bronze Age Oasis Civilisation in Central
Asia)
was published in 1994 by the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at
Harvard University; it is available from
Amazoncom.
In other archaeological news, the Caral site in the Supe Valley in Peru has now been dated to between 2627 BC and 2020 BC—the same time period that Central Asia and Mesopotamia

were flourishing and the Egyptian pyramids were being constructed. Musical instruments were part of the Caral culture, which Science reported on April 27 as the Western hemisphere’s oldest city and home to a civilisation as old and advanced as any in the world. See Earthfiles Science Report dated 6 May 2001 at www.earthfiles.com/earth236.htm.
About the Interviewer:
Linda Moulton Howe is a graduate of Stanford University, USA, and has a Masters degree in communication. She is a science and environment reporter for television and radio, including Premiere Radio Networks, and a reporter and editor on www.earthfiles.com. Over the last eight years she has regularly reported news for Coast to Coast AM with Art Bell and Dreamland on Sundays. Her film documentaries, A Strange Harvest and Strange Harvests 1993, explored the worldwide animal mutilations phenomenon. Linda’s books include: An Alien Harvest; Glimpses of Other Realities Vol. I: Facts & Eyewitnesses and Vol. II:
High Strangeness;
and Mysterious Lights and Crop Circles (see review this issue).
These are available via amazon.com and barnes&noble.com. Most of Linda’s books and videos can also be obtained from NEXUS offices in Australia, New Zealand, United Kingdom and The Netherlands. ;1

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A Central Asian Civilisation as Ancient as Sumeria;0]

E

CATASTROPHOBIA
The Truth Behind Earth Changes
in the ComingAge of Light
BARBARA HAND CLOW
In this long-awaited follow-up to The Pleiadian Agenda Clow examines the legendary cataclysms of ancient times and explains how a massive disturbance has
chroni ‘ly scarred hurr v’s
phycl eals
tre

e

76 • NEXUS New Times

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SEPTEMBER — OCTOBER 2001

TESLA’S “TELEFORCE’ DEFENSIVE
BEAM AGAINST AIR A1TACK
© The New York Times
September 22, 1940

Nikola Tesla, one of the truly great inventors, who celebrated his eighty-fourth birthday on July 10, tells the writer that he stands ready to divulge to the United States government the secret of his ‘teleforce’, of Which he said, ‘airplane motors would be melted at a distance of 250 miles, so that an invisible ‘Chinese Wall of Defense would be built around the country against any enemy attack by an enemy air force, no matter

how large’.
This ‘teleforce” is based on an entirely new principle of physics that ‘no one has ever dreamed about”, different from the principles embodied in his inventions relating to the transmission of electrical power from a distance, for which he has received a number of basic patents. This new type of force, Mr Tesla said, would operate through a beam one-hundred-millionth of a square centimeter in diameter, and could be generated from special plant that would cost no more then $2,000,000 and would take only about three months to construct.
A dozen such plants, located at strategic points along the coast, according to Mr Tesla would be enough to defend the country against all aerial attack. The beam would melt any engine, whether diesel or gasoline driven, and would also ignite the explosives aboard any bomber. No possible defense against it could be devised, he asserts, as the beam would be all-penetrating.

High Vacuum Eliminated
The beam, he states, involves four new inventions, two of which already have been tested. One of these is a method and apparatus [section not legible] eliminating the need for a “high vacuum”; second is a process for producing ‘very great electrical
• force”; third is a method of amplifying this force; and the fourth is a new method for producing “a tremendous repelling electrical force”. This would be the projector, or

the gun of the system. The voltage for propelling the beam to its objective, according to the inventor, will attain a potential of 80,000,000 volts.
With this enormous voltage, he said, microscopic electrical particles of matter will be catapulted on their mission of defensive destruction. He has been working on this invention, he added, for many years and has made a number of improvements on it.
Mr Tesla makes one important stipulation. Should the government decide to take up his offer, he would go to work on it at once, but they would have to trust him. He would suffer “no interference from

experts’.
In ordinary times, such a condition would very likely interpose an insuperable obstacle. But times being what they are, and with the nation getting ready to spend billions on national defense, at the same time taking in consideration the reputation of Mr Tesla as an inventor who always was many years ahead of his time, the question arises whether it may not be advisable to take Mr Tesla at his word and commission him to go ahead with his “teleforce” plant.

Such a Device “Invaluable
After all, $2,000,000 would be relatively

a very small sum compared with what is at stake. If Mr Tesla really fulfills Jris

promise, the results achieved would be truly staggering.
Not only would it save billions now planned for air defense, by making the country absolutely impregnable against any air attack, but it also would save many more billions in property that would otherwise be surely destroyed no matter how strong the defenses are, as witnessed by current events in England.
Take, for example, the Panama Canal. No matter how strong the defense, a suicide squadron of dive bombers, according to some experts, might succeed in getting through and cause such damage that would make the Canal unusable, in which our Navy might find it self bottled up.
Considering the probabilities in this case, even if the chances were 100,000 to 1 against Mr Tesla, the odds would still be largely in favor of taking a chance of spending $2,000,000.
In the opinion of the writer, who has known Mr Tesla for many years and can testify he still retains full intellectual vigor, the authorities in charge of building national defense should at once look into the matter. The sum is insignificant compared to the magnitude of the stake.

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JANUARY — FEBRUARY 2002

www.nexusmagazine.com

NEXUS NEW TIMES • 41

CONVERTING WATER INTO
GASOLINE FUEL SUBSTITUTES
by Robert A. Nelson © 2001
Wouldn’t it be nice if we could burn water for fuel? Think of all the money we could save, since water costs only 25 cents a gallon (this week!). Its a wet dream that has been fulfilled several times.
Ramar PUIai’s Herbal Formula
The most recent instance occurred in 1996 at the Indian Institute of Technology (ITT), where 30-year-old Ramar Pillai demonstrated the conversion of water to a hydrocarbon fuel by mixing it with a secret herbal formula he had discovered.
Scientists were understandably amazed by the experiment, which was organised by ITT chemist N. K. Jha. ‘It is incredible, but true,” Jha said.
About two ounces of leaves and bark were boiled in a litre of water and then

cooled, and small amounts of salt, citric acid and secret chemicals were added. About a pint of combustible liquid that smells and burns like kerosene was produced within 30 minutes.
The National Chemical Laboratory in Pune, India, analysed the substance and found it to be a pure hydrocarbon with a boiling point of 170°C. The new fuel is more efficient than gasoline and it produces no sulphur exhaust. Researchers at the Indian Institute of Petroleum confirmed the reality of the process.
Ramar Pillai was granted 20 acres of land on which to cultivate the marvellous bush, and he applied for patents on the process. But then Pillai was accused of being a charlatan; allegedly he had added oil to the process by legerdemain, even as scientists watched him perform the experiment.
Louis Enricht’s Green Pill
In 1916, Louis Enricht announced that he had invented “a substitute for gasoline that can be manufactured for a penny a gallon”. As a demonstration, Enricht allowed reporters to inspect the empty gas tank of an automobile. The reporters also tasted the water that Enricht then poured into the tank. He added a green pill, started the car and gave the reporters a ride around Farmingdale, Long Island.
William Haskell, publisher of the Chicago Herald, investigated Enricht’s claims. He wrote:
“I examined the entire engine and tank. I even tasted the water before the mysterious green pill was dropped into the tank. Then I opened the petcock and examined the liquid, which now tasted like bitter

around the city without any trouble.”
A few days later, however, reporters learned that Enricht had been indicted for fraud in 1903 and had been involved in other phony schemes. Despite his lack of credibility, Enricht was able to get Benjamin Yoakum to finance him and organise the National Motor Power Company. Investigators from the British Army were given a demonstration and they reported: The car operated as. expeditiously and efficiently as it would have on gasoline.”
The deal soured, however, and Yoakum sued Enricht, who was forced to open a safe deposit box in which he supposedly had placed the formula and a sample of the substance. It wasn’t there, and the National Motor Power Company folded. Enricht eventually was convicted of another fraud (extracting gasoline from peat) and served several years in Sing Sing prison.
John Andrews’s Green Powder
In 1917, John Andrews approached the US Navy with his claim that he could convert fresh or salt water into a fuel with the same power as gasoline. The chemical costs were about two cents per gallon.
Andrews was allowed to demonstrate his invention at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, where a motor boat was fitted with a dynamometer for the test. Commander Earl P. Jessup, who was captain of the yard, said:
“We gave Andrews a bucket of water drawn from the Navy Yard [fresh water] hydrant by one of the yard attaches. He got into his car with a gallon can which we inspected and found to be empty, and a little satchel he carried with him. In about a minute he handed out the filled can which I personally carried to the open fuel tank. While pouring the liquid into the tank, Andrews held a lighted cigarette close to the liquid, which did not ignite.
That showed it was not gaseous or inflammable at that part of the demonstration, which tome was most important. The engine caught just as quickly as it would have done with gasoline, and after a moment’s adjustment of the carburator it settled down to its work, developing 75% of its rated horsepower, a remarkable showing with any fuel with so slight a readjustment of the carburator.”
In a second test, Andrews was put in an empty room with no possible way to get rid of the bucket of salt water with which he ;1

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almonds.
I also tasted the liquid at the carburator, which was the same. I was
Guido Franch demonstrating Mota. Photo by Tom Valentine. amazed when the auto
started. We drove it

42 • NEXUS NEW TIMES

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JANUARY — FEBRUARY 2002

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had been supplied, except to empty it into his one-gallon gas can. Commander Jessup said:
“In a minute he emerged with the can filled, and the engine again used it up, no difference being noted between the salt water and fresh. Besides myself, Rear Admiral G. E. Burd, the Industrial Manager of the yard, was present and with the precautions we had taken—our own Navy engine, tank and carburator and our own men supplying the water—there was no possibility of deception.
‘From a military viewpoint, it is almost impossible to visualize what such an inven‘ tion means. It is so important that
we have hurried an officer to Washington to make a report to the Navy Department. It is obvious that Andrews has discovered a combination of chemicals which breaks down water to a form that is inert until mechanically vaporized by the carburator, when the spark causes it to bum as gasoline bums.”
Walter Meriwether, the Navy editor of the New York World, met with
Andrews at his home in
McKeesport, Pennsylvania.
Andrews was extremely paranoid.
He said:
“Somebody poisoned my watchdog last week… The only reason my dog was poisoned was so somebody could get at me more easily. I am being followed everywhere, day and night. A lot of people know about my invention—how it will put every oil company in the world out of business. Two cents a gallon for a substitute as good as the best they can refine? I tell you, my life is not worth that

[snapping his fingers]

! Think of what my invention means to nations at war.”
Meriwether offered to arrange for a thorough test of his invention with the Navy Department in Washington, DC, and Andrews accepted his help. Meriwether managed to arouse the interest of Secretary Josephus Daniels, who said:
“Tell the man to come on at once; I will have a submarine and airplane detailed and ready for him on his arrival.”
Meriwether telegraphed Andrews, but received no reply. He returned to McKeesport, but Andrews could not be found. Meriwether then accompanied the
. police to Andrews’s home, where they found signs of a violent struggle in the ransacked house. No trace was found of Andrews.

But Andrews had not been kidnapped or murdered; he had simply reported back to his seaman’s post in the Canadian Navy. He returned to the USA in the 1930s.
In 1942, a reporter named James Kilgallen found Andrews living on a farm near Library, Pennsylvania. Andrews said that he had forgotten the formula.
Another version of the Andrews mystery states that he was found murdered in his home in 1937, and all of his notes and supply of green powder were missing. His sister allegedly took the notes and fled to Scotland, where she too was murdered only a year later.

The eminent journalist Tom Valentine, who has written numerous articles about suppressed technologies, once received a phone call from a man who claimed to be John Andrews, Jr. His innuendos could not be proved, of course:
“My aunt was killed, and then some of my relatives suddenly got rich; and I believe the process for making the powder is known, and the people who know are the Phillips Petroleum Company.”
Guido Franchs Mota Granules
The next person to demonstrate the conversion of water to fuel was Guido Franch, a former coalminer who tried for nearly 50 years to secure large financiers to fund his product. He, too, used a green powder to tum water into 105-octane fuel. He called it “Mota”, which is “atom” spelled backwards.
Franch demonstrated Mota hundreds of times but never produced it commercially. He did, however, sell about 3000% of his rights to interested investors.
In 1973, Franch was subpoenaed to appear in Chicago’s Federal Circuit Court

“with any records relating to the purchase or the proposed purchase of any fuel, fuel powder, or fuel formula” in his possession. He demonstrated his Mota transmutation in the presence of judges William Bauer and Philip Romiti, who believed what they saw, and Franch was acquitted of fraud charges.
The fuel is produced with one pound of the reagent in 50 gallons of water. It burns clean and leaves no residue. In one demonstration, a lawnmower ran for about 15 minutes on a small amount of Mota-treated water. An equal amount of gasoline lasted only three minutes. Mota fuel is very sensitive to sunlight, which will turn it back to
water with a white powder residue.
– Gary Bolz, a consultant on carburetion and fuel engineering, was able to test Mota with the help of chemists at Michigan State University and Havoline Chemical Laboratories. Bolz stated:
“The granules are dark olive green. As they enter water, they dissolve in a string of green, which begins to spread fiber-like throughout the water. As the water begins to react, there is a swirling effect. Reaction is complete in a few minutes. If the crystals are mixed in 1:1 ratio with water, the resulting fluid is highly explosive and can be detonated by a small shock. But it
isn’t shock-sensitive when mixed at a normal ratio of one ounce of powder per half- gallon of water. The finished fuel is lighter than water.”
Franch claimed that the manufacture of Mota was taught to him and others in 1925 by a German scientist named Alexander Kraft, who died in 1941. One pound of the green crystals can be produced from 25 pounds of coal at a cost of about US$100.

 
Franch received about $100,000 from small investors over a period of 40 years. He used that money to live on, and never manufactured any Mota. He received several serious offers from major’investors, but his financial demands were unreasonable and nothing practical.ever came of his demonstrations and negotiations.
Will the Secret be Rediscovered?
It appears that we are obliged to continue buying and burning gasoline until some benevolent genius rediscovers the secret of extracting green crystals from coal and deigns to share it with us.
(Source: Robert A. Nelson, Rex Research, www. rexresearch. corn)

The fuel is produced with one pound of the reagent in
50 gallons of water. It burns clean and leaves no residue.
In one demonstration, a lawnmower ran for about
15 minutes on a small amount of Mota-treated water.

JANUARY – FEBRUARY 2002

www.nexusmagazine.com

NEXUS NEW TIMES • 43

JAPANESE SUPER-MAGNET
BREAKTHROUGH

An electric car with motors that make their own electricity and cost nothing to run? Sounds like a story from a sci-fi comic.
Yet Japanese inventor Yasunori Takahashi claims to have done just that. Purely by accident he came across a method of making permanent magnets with extraordinary power. Put these magnets in an electric motor and, he claims, it can generate four times its input electricity.
A standard Honda electric scooter, its motor fitted with the magnets, was demonstrated at a hotel in London. The scooter’s original heavy lead-acid cells were stripped out and replaced with four small 12-volt batteries.
On the road, the scooter hit 30 mph in around four seconds. The way it was accelerating, 60 mph would have probably come up in eight.
Takeo Sawai, the inventor’s UK representative, told us that he took delivery of the scooter, at London Airport, with almost flat batteries and drove it down the M4 at 70 mph. At the end of the journey, he said, the batteries were fully charged.
. The scooter has been demonstrated to Nissan, GEC-Marconi and Philips. Apparently the companies are all taking the idea seriously. Emmerson Linfoot, Senior Engineer in the electrical department at Nissan’s European Technical Centre, said that the invention, “if it checks out on our own tests…has huge implications for everything which uses a motor—it could revolutionise the world”.
In November, a Mercedes will be fitted with four of the motors. It will, claims Sawai, have performance like a petrol car—but with virtually unlimited range and almost no fuel costs.
Yasunori Takahashi has spent £3 million on his invention, and his company, Sciez, has taken out worldwide patents on the magnet which he will manufacture. The magnets will be supplied under licence to interested companies.
Mr Takahashi says he is not at all interested in making money, only in winning the Nobel Prize, adding: “When tiger dies he leaves his skin. When man dies he leaves his name.”
However, scientists we talked to rubbished the invention, saying it defied the first law of thermodynamics.”
. (Source: Space Enerv Journal. vol. v, no. 4, December 1994)

FOSSIL FORESTS IN ANTARCTICA.

Australian and American scientists have uncovered fossil evidence of leaves, wood, pollen, moss and insect eggs only 500 km from the South Pole in sheltered valleys of the Transantarctic Mountains. The fossil finds have sparked worldwide scientific controversy over the speed and extent of global climate change—and speculation over when Antarctica was last ice-free.
Dr Barrie McKelvey, of the University of New England, NSW, found plant specimens in the windswept, rocky Meyer desert. These have been classified by Prof. Bob Hill of Tasmanian University as members of the Notofagus or southern beech family, still widespread in southern Australia (particularly alpine Tasmania), South America and New Zealand.
What’s more, beetle eggs were found amongst the plant material, indicating a climate warm enough for insects. According to Prof. Hill, the climate had to have been at least 25°C warmer than it is today for woody plants to exist; there had to have been liquid water and a growing season to allow plants to flower and seed to be set and sown.

As for the age of the plants, some scientists argue at least 14 million years; others, between 2.5 and 3 million years. The latest theory is from Prof. David Harwood of Ohio State University who discovered fossil marine diatoms in the same layers as the plants. As these
species didn’t appear
until approx. 3.8
million years ago,
he argues that this
puts an upper limit
on the age of the
plant-bearing rock.
Dr McKelvey
believes that the
Antarctic ice-cap

melted completely around that time, leaving the continent fringed with vegetation and covered with shallow, diatom-rich seas— later gouged out by encroaching ice 2.5 million years ago.
(Source: Julian Cribb, The
Australian. 2 August
1994)

“This is a turning point. The world will not be the same after this international meeting!” says Australian mathematiclan/ theoretical physicist, Prof. Chris Illert, of the upcoming “New Frontiers in Clean Hadronic Energy” workshop in Italy. The buzz?—the theory predicting novel sources of subnuclear hadronic energy (see diagram above) is be demonstrated with new technology purpose-built to tap this energy.
Chris Illert is co-ordinating “New Frontiers in Theoretical Biology”, one of six workshops to be held at the Institute for Basic Research Conference at the Monteroduni Institute, Italy, 7-13 August. The other “history-making” workshops are:
multi-valued hyperstructures, integro-differential geometries, particle physics, gravitation, and superconductivity.
For further information and bookings, contact Chris Illert, East Corrimal, NSW, Australia, ph/fax +61 (042) 83 3009. For hadronic energy workshop details, contact IBR, Florida, USA, fax +1(813) 934 9275 (to 15 May); or co-ordinator, Prof. R. M. Santilli, Istituto per la Ricerca di Base, Monteroduni, Italy, fax +39 (865)49 1145. ;1

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